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Chapter 5 test AP gov
Terms in this set (61)
Which of the following best characterizes the original Constitution's treatment of equality?
the constitution does not address equality in its original form.
What do courts presume classifications based on race to be?
why is the 14 amendment ti the US constitution especially significant?
because it applied the federal Bill of Rights to the individual states, protecting citizens from infringement of their rights under the federal constitution by state gov.
Which of the following statements best characterizes post-reconstruction developments for African Americans?
The departure of federal troops from Southern states led to a surge of segregationist laws.
Which of the following was one of the provisions of the Civil rights Act of 1964?
It prohibited discrimination in employment on the basis of race and gender.
What was the immediate response of the South to the Supreme Court's decision in Brown vs Board of education?
The south avoided implementing the court's decision
Which of the following statements is true regarding the civil rights of minority groups?
the Landmark Hernandez vs. Texas case helped widen the definition of discrimination beyond race.
Which of the following was an effect of the federal gov's strategy to assimilate Native Americans in 1887?
Tribal rituals and languages were banned.
Following the ratification of the 19th Amendment, which gave women the right to vote, what happened?
The feminist movement lost momentum as it lacked unified support for its goals.
Which of the following was true prior to the start of the women's right movement in the 19 century?
Coverture deprived married women of a legal identity separate from their husbands.
Which of the following is the standard evaluating age discrimination's claims?
the reasonableness standard
opposition to civil rights laws for the disabled has been justified primarily on the basis of_____________________.
High cost of programs to help the disabled.
Which statement about affirmative action best reflects current Supreme court precedent?
Although racial set-asides are unconstitutional, race may be considered as one among many factors in determining college admissions.
Which of these statements expresses the sentiments of those who support affirmative action?
Affirmative Action is intended to achieve equal results, not just equal opportunities.
Which of the following most often conflicts with the demand for greater civil rights?
Affirmative action laws are designed to remedy which kind of discrimination?
The landmark case of Brown v. Board of education ruled that segregated schools were not acceptable because of the .....
"Equal protection" clause of the 14 amendment
The 13th amendment effectively invalidated which supreme court case?
Dred Scott vs. Sandford
Which of the following are incorrectly paired ?
In the case of California versus bake the Supreme Court ruled that ....
Affirmative action admissions to a medical school could cause reverse discrimination
Racial discrimination in public accommodations such as restaurants and hotels was banned .....
The civil rights act of 1964
Affirmative action refers to
A policy giving special consideration to groups that have been disadvantaged historically
The proposed equal rights amendment was proposed by Congress but fell 3 states short of the 38 needed for ratification. If adopted the equal rights amendment would have banned discrimination based upon
Biggest difference between civil rights and civil liberties is that ....
Civil liberties have to do with individual protections while civil rights are protections on the basis of group attributes
Which Supreme Court case upheld the placing of Japanese citizens in interment camps during World War II ?
Korematsu vs. United States
Which of the following bars educational institutions that receive federal funds from discriminating against female students?
The equal rights amendment
One area in which African Americans have made progress since the 1960s ...
Is elective office
All of the following statements are true except
Women tend to have a greater tendency to vote for Republican candidates than men
The strict scrutiny test applies to ....
Race and ethnicity
what happen when federal troops withdrew from the south in 1877?
Jim Crow laws were passed which segregated the races and through the Plessy versus Ferguson decision Supreme Court and established the separate but equal doctrine
The Supreme Court overturned the constitutionality of separate but equal facilities in
Brown vs. board of education
The equal rights amendment states equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of sex which of the following is true about equal rights amendment ?
The ERA fell state shorts of the three-fourths majority it needed to be ratified.
At the end of the civil war, as a result of the northern victory, what amendments became part of the constitution?
Oh clause of the 14th amendment guarantees all citizens receive equal protection under the law. The restraint of equal protection apply to...
Actions of governments not private individuals
Rational basis is a ...
Standard development by the chords to test the constitutionality of a law when applied a law is constitutional as long as it meets a reasonable government interest
Sign above is an example of ...
Jim Crow laws
Which of the following is the best explanation of what Thomas Jefferson meant when he said all men are created equal?
Everybody in the US should have the same chance to succeed in life
" nor shall any state...... deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws"
U.S. laws must provide equivalent to all people in the century.
Which of the following was the decision in Dred Scott vs. Sandford?
black slaves could not be American citizens and therefore had no standing to sue in federal court
Which of the following was the decision in Brown vs. Board of Education ?
Schools segregation was unconstitutional bc it violates the 14 guarantee of equal protection.
Which of the following was the decision in Plessy vs. Ferguson?
The " separate but equal" provision of private services mandated by state gov is constitutional under the equal protection clause
The civil rights acts of 1964 did all of the following things EXCEPT ....
give African american females the right to vote
The 24 amendment
Declared poll taxes void federal elections
the result of the voting rights act of 1965 was
hundreds of thousands of African Americans registered to vote
Guinn vs. United States
Said grandfather clauses were unconstitutional
All of the following statements about Native Americans are TRUE EXCEPT
Today, native american have low rate of poverty and good health, and the majority have left the reservation and assimilated into American life
All of the following statements about Hispanic Americans are TRUE EXCEPT
In Plyer vs. Doe the supreme court said that illegal immigrants cannot receive a free public education
Korematsu vs. United States
said that the interment of Japaneses American During WWII was constitutional
ALl of the following can be associated with the Women's right movement EXCEPT ....
The 17 amendment gave females the right to vote.
In which of the following cases did the Supreme Court find that any arbitrary gender-based classification violated the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?
REED VS REED
All of the following statements about women in the workplace are TRUE EXCEPT...
in Dothard v. Rawlinson (1977) lesbian women gained the right to add their partners to their employment health benefits
Which of the following requires employers and public facilities to make reasonable accommodations for people with disabilities and prohibits discrimination against these individuals in employment?
the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
In 2003, in Lawrence v. Texas the Supreme Court
a Texas anti-sodomy law
A policy designed to give special treatment to or compensate treatment for members of some previously disadvantage group is...
In 1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson signed____________, prohibiting federal contractors and federally assisted construction contractors and subcontractors from discriminating in employment decisions on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or nationality.
Executive Order 11246
In Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978) the Supreme Court said the UC-Davis Special admissions program
had to admit Bakke to its school
In 1995 the Supreme Court held that federal programs that classify people by race, even for an ostensibly benign purpose such as expanding opportunities for minorities, should be presumed to be unconstitutional in...
Afar and Constructors v. Pena
The overall result of Adarand Constructors v. Pena was
to limit the potential impact of affirmative action programs
All of the following statements about affirmative actions are TRUE EXCEPT
it is a merit based program where people advance because of their accomplishments
Which of the following quotes has been used the MOST in the courts in advancing equality and the rights of mi otitis and women in the United States?
nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws
In _________, the Supreme Court struck down the University of Michigan's system of undergraduate admissions in which every applicant from an underrepresented racial or ethnic minority group was automatically awarded 20 points of the 100 needed to guarantee admission.
Gratz v. Bollinger
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