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gunpowder, movable type, mariner's compass

medieval Chinese inventions

Li Bai and Du Fu

medieval Chinese poets

Qing (Manchu) Dynasty

last Chinese dynasty; came from Manchura

viewed westerners as being inferior beings (occidentals)

Manchu policy toward westerners

Opium War, annexed Hong Kong, extraterritoriality, "sphere of influence"

Britain exploited China through

France, Germany, Russia, Japan

other nations that exploited China

Open Door Policy

equal trade rights in China for all nations, preserved China's independence and territory


Chinese society who staged a revolt to drive out foreigners and restore China's isolation

international military

suppressed rebellion

land indemnity from China

international military demanded

China pay with money instead of land

US suggested

Chinese Republic

replaced Manchu Dynasty


nationalist party

Dr. Sun Yat-Sen

founded Kuomintang

Chiang Kai-Sket

dictator that took over Kuomintang

Mae Tse-Tung

leader of the communist party who opposed the nationalists

Chiang Kai-Sket could not centralize, corruption/waste, ignored people's desires

reasons for rise of communist party in China and reason nationalists lost

Japan attacked

reason communists and nationalists signed a truce in 1937

aided communist forces in Vietnam, supported North Korea against South Korea, wanted to annex Taiwan, food shortages

China under communism

Long March

massive military retreat to evade the pursuit of Kuomintang

Cultural Revolution

mobilized youth into "Red Guard" to terrorize opponents in government; fragmented communist party; discouraged new ideas


US president who took steps to "normalize" relations with China

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