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22 terms

Chine: Medieval to Modern

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gunpowder, movable type, mariner's compass
medieval Chinese inventions
Li Bai and Du Fu
medieval Chinese poets
Qing (Manchu) Dynasty
last Chinese dynasty; came from Manchura
viewed westerners as being inferior beings (occidentals)
Manchu policy toward westerners
Opium War, annexed Hong Kong, extraterritoriality, "sphere of influence"
Britain exploited China through
France, Germany, Russia, Japan
other nations that exploited China
Open Door Policy
equal trade rights in China for all nations, preserved China's independence and territory
Boxers
Chinese society who staged a revolt to drive out foreigners and restore China's isolation
international military
suppressed rebellion
land indemnity from China
international military demanded
China pay with money instead of land
US suggested
Chinese Republic
replaced Manchu Dynasty
Kuomintang
nationalist party
Dr. Sun Yat-Sen
founded Kuomintang
Chiang Kai-Sket
dictator that took over Kuomintang
Mae Tse-Tung
leader of the communist party who opposed the nationalists
Chiang Kai-Sket could not centralize, corruption/waste, ignored people's desires
reasons for rise of communist party in China and reason nationalists lost
Japan attacked
reason communists and nationalists signed a truce in 1937
aided communist forces in Vietnam, supported North Korea against South Korea, wanted to annex Taiwan, food shortages
China under communism
Long March
massive military retreat to evade the pursuit of Kuomintang
Cultural Revolution
mobilized youth into "Red Guard" to terrorize opponents in government; fragmented communist party; discouraged new ideas
Nixon
US president who took steps to "normalize" relations with China