Unit 2A APES
Terms in this set (42)
Latent heat release occurs when
water vapor in the atmosphere condenses into liquid water
Which level of the atmosphere contains the ozone layer?
As water freezes or evaporates, what happens to the salinity of the remaining ocean water?
You observe a mountain that has lush vegetation on one side and a dry desert on the other side. What would be the most likely explanation for your observations?
The rain shadow effect
Which of following are examples of wetlands? Swamps, Marshes, Bogs
Swamps, Marshes, Bogs
Which biome has plants with adaptations that prevent water loss, such as smaller leaves with few pores for gas exchange?
Which of the following would best describe the observation that warm air is more humid than cool air?
Warmer air has a higher capacity for water vapor than colder air
Which of the following would not have a significant effect on the climate of a region?
A single abnormally wet year due to El Niño
What is the importance of the ozone layer?
It absorbs incoming UV rays
In what location does El Niño occur?
Tropical Pacific Ocean
The Coriolanus effect and prevailing winds contribute to the formation of gyres in the oceans. Which direction to these gyres flow in the Northern Hemisphere?
What is one major role that these gyres play in global climate?
Currents redistribute heat from the Equator to Northern latitudes
Using the graph above, what conclusion can be drawn about the relationship between temperature and saturation point?
As temperature increases, saturation point increases exponentially
In which level of the atmosphere does weather occur?
In the diagram above, which zone contains the majority of the atmosphere's nitrogen, oxygen, and water vapor?
The northern lights are caused by solar radiation hitting charged gas molecules in which layer?
What type of weather would you expect to find at the intertropical convergence zone?
Warm and rainy weather
What factors are used to classify a biome?
Average temperature, Average precipitation, Distinctive plants adapted to area
What is the best expiation for high amounts of rain that occur at the equator?
The warm air rises at the equator which condense at a high altitude, leading to rain
Boreal forests tend to have a thick layer of organic material but the soil is poor in nutrient. What is the best expiation for that?
Low precipitation rates and cold temperatures slow decomposition
At what latitude is the surface of the earth moving at the highest velocity?
Using the diagram above, indicate which of the following has the highest albedo
Which of the following is true about ENSO?
Upwelling is suppressed off the coast of South America, The trade winds weaken, allowing warm water to move eastward
Which of the following is not true about the sun's energy heating the Earth?
The sun's rays are more strongly reflected in the lower latitude regions
What is a positive effect of upwelling?
Creates an area of high nutrient levels along the coast
What is the cause of the differing seasons of the Earth?
The tilt of the Earth on its axis
What happens to air as it rises?
The pressure decreases and it expands in volume
According to the graph above, what biome would you expect to find in an area with an average temperature of 10 degrees C and 100 cm of precipitation annually?
Temperate seasonal forest
Which of the following is the best description of a region's climate?
The average temperature and precipitation over several decades
What best describes the temperature of the atmosphere?
it decreases as you increase in altitude in the troposphere; it shows fluctuations up and down as you move through the layers of the atmosphere
Which of the following is not an ecological service provided by wetlands?
Heavily used for agriculture due to high nutrient content
What factor is most closely relation to adiabatic cooling and heating?
In the diagram above, if northern glaciers melt near location 2, what consequence may occur?
Water would become less salty, preventing sinking
What latitude receives the most direct sunlight throughout the year?
Which of the following is the best description of albedo?
The ability of an object to reflect light
What region of the earth does the sun hit at the most direct angle?
Which biome is characterized by the presence of permafrost?
Brown pelicans are fish eating birds. As a result of an El Niño event, the population of brown pelicans in Southern California declines. Which of the following best explains the relationship between the El Niño event and the population decline?
Warmer ocean temperatures can cause fish to move to colder water farther from pelican nest sites
Of the following ecosystems, which has the lowest net primary productivity, measured as kilocalories of energy produced per square meter per year?
Which of the following is a characteristic of tropical rain forests?
Their soils are relatively poor in nutrients
Which environment is characterized by the highest diversity of tree species?
B (high/constant precipitation and high/constant temp)
Which environment is most likely to be characterized by dry scrub with frequent fires?
C (high/constant temp and low precipitation w/ peak in winter)