40 terms

Three Branches of Government

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What are powers of the Congress or the Legislative Branch?
Make laws
Tax
Coin Money
Declare War
Make Laws for Wahington DC
Establish Federal Courts
After a bill is introduced, where does it go next?
Standing Committee
What is the name given to the lowest level of our federal court system?
District Court
Which branch of government can grant pardons to federal criminals?
Executive Branch
Which branch of government can override the President's veto?
Legislative Branch
How is membership to the US House of Representatives determined?
Population of the State
How is membership to the US Senate determined?
Equal Representation, 2 per state
Who has the power to impeach?
House of Representatives
If a federal officer is impeached, who would hold the trial and determine the verdict?
Senate
If the president refuses to sign a bill, what power is he using?
Power to VETO
What is needed to override a Presidential VETO?
2/3 majority vote in Congress
What is federalism?
A separation of power between the national and state governments
What 3 parts make-up the executive branch?
1. President
2. Vice-President
3. The Cabinet
What does bicameral mean?
Two-house legislature
What is the total number of US Supreme Court Justices?
9
How long to US Supreme Court Justices serve for?
Life
Where does a bill go if two different version of the bill are passed?
Conference Committee
What is the name given to the officer that presides over the House of Representatives?
Speaker of the House
What is the title given to the President when he is administering to the armed forces?
Commander in Chief
What are the powers of the President?
Enforce laws
Submits Budget
Makes Treaties
Campaigns for other party candidates
Gives nation's view over domestic & international issues
May call special sessions of Congress
What is the length of a term (in years) for a US Senator?
6 years
What is the length of a term (in years) for the President of the United States?
4 years
What is the length of a terms (in years) for US Representative (H.O.R.)?
2 years
What two groups make up Congress?
House of Representatives and the Senate
What are the qualifications to be President of the United States?
Natural born citizen
Be at least 35 years old
Live in the US for the past 14 years
What are the qualifications to be a US Senator?
Be a US citizen for at least 9 years
Be at least 30 years old
Live in the state that would elect you to office
What are the qualifications to be a US Representative in the H.O.R.?
Be a US citizen for at least 7 years
be at least 25 years old
Live in the district that would elect you to office
What are the responsibilities of the Vice-President?
Serve on Security Council
Name candidates to military academy
Preside over the Senate
Which branch of government would a person who had been arrested appeal if they believe they had been treated unfairly?
Judicial Branch
What are 3 specific responsibilities of the Senate? (TAG)
1. Approve treaties
2. Approve appointments
3. Determine verdict at impeachment trial (guilt)
What are 2 specific responsibilities of the House of Representatives? (MI)
1. Money bills start here
2. Impeach or accuse government officers
What 3 things can be done to a bill while it is in committee?
1. Debate
2. Revise
3. Vote on it
Who settles conflicts between the states?
US Supreme Court
What is the total number of US Senators?
100
What is the total number of members of the House of Representatives?
435
Who is responsible for explaining or interpreting the laws?
Judicial Branch or US Supreme Court
Why is power separated between 3 branches of government?
To prevent too much power from falling into the hands of one branch of government
Which branch of government creates our lower federal courts?
Legislative Branch
Which branch of government can declare laws unconstitutional?
Judicial Branch
Which branch of government can call a special session of Congress?
Executive Branch
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