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China's First Civilizations 7-1

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Huang He
also known as the Yellow River; flows across China and flooded the land
Chang Jiang
also known as the Yangtze River that's longer than the Huang He
Anyang
China's first capital city from where Shang kings ruled
Wu Wang
an aristocrat who led the rebellion that defeated the Shang and began the Zhou dynasty
dynasty
a line of rulers who belong to the same family
aristocrats
nobles whose wealth came from the land they owned; passed their land and power down to the next generation
pictographs
characters that stand for objects that were used in Chinese writing
ideographs
chararcters in Chinese writing that join 2 or more pictographs to represent an idea
bureaucracy
made up of appointed officials who are responsible for different areas of government; under the king
mandate
a formal order; the Mandate of Heaven gave the Zhou king the power to rule
Dao
the proper "Way" for a king to rule, according to the Mandate of Heaven
Xia
the first rulers of China were a part of this dynasty
Shang
kings from this dynasty ruled over China and may have built the first cities
Zhou
dynasty that ruled over China for longer than any other dynasty in Chinese history (800 years)