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33 terms

Russia USSR Review

Leaders who are typically known by their last names are in here by their last names (Lenin, Stalin, etc.) If they are known by their first name, they are in here as such (Ivan the Great, etc.)
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taiga
Giant forest. Half of the world's remaining wood.
Lake Baikal
World's deepest lake. 20% of the world's surface water. Threatened by pollution from nearby paper mill.
Chernozem
Rich, black soil from the North European Plain.
czar
Emperor (ruled Russia until Bolshevik revolution)
client states
Dependent on superpower
5 year plan
Economic plan to become self-sufficient. Set quotas.
superpowers
Strong economically, militarily. Previously included USSR and US. Now just US.
Cold War
Ideological struggle between US and USSR. Included client states.
Bolsheviks
Won Russian Civil War / Communist Revolution.
Trans-Siberian Railroad
Railroad connecting Moscow to East Russia.
Chechnya
Wants to be independent. In the Dagestan region. Mostly Muslim. Using terrorism to accomplish their goals.
Russification
Stalin wanted all Soviets to follow Russian culture.
Heavy Industry
Equipment necessary for mines and factories.
Light Industry
Consumer goods.
Glasnost
Gorbachev's "openness"
Perestroika
Gorbachev's "restructuring"
Turkmenistan
A "stan" with large natural gas reserves
Tajikistan
Poorest "stan." Border with Afghanistan.
Uzbekistan
"Stan" with Islamic militants and limited civil liberties.
Kyrgyzstan
Most democratic "stan." "40 tribes"
Kazakhstan
50% Christian, 50% Muslim. Oil. 4 times the size of Texas. Home to the Cossacks.
Peter the Great
St. Petersburg. Modernized Russia.
Catherine the Great
Black sea
Gorbachev
Glanost and perestroika.
Yeltsin
First democratically elected president of Russia.
Ivan the Great
Beat Mongols. First czar of United Russia.
Putin
Current Russian president
Lenin
Leader of Bolsheviks. First Soviet Premier.
Marx
German philosopher. Communism.
Stalin
Russification. 2nd Premier. Ally during WWII. Ruthless.
Romanov
Last czar. Abdicated then killed after WWI.
the Rus
Viking Traders. Founded Kiev.
Alexander II
Freed the Serfs.