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115 terms

Psych of Personality - Ch 5 Horney

Mostly taken from: Hergenhahn, B. R. & Olson, M. H. (2007). An Introduction to Theories of Personality (7th Edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall. and DeSouza, E. (2010). Manual for PSY 233 (PIP Packet # 7). Normal, IL: PIP Printing.
STUDY
PLAY
hostile
Horney categorized a person who has a need for power as being what TYPE of person?
3, 8, 5, 6, 2, 1, 4, 7
Put these elements of Horney's theory into progressive order: 1) adjustment patterns, 2) basic anxiety, 3) basic hostility, 4) real self displaced by idealized self, 5) repressed hostility, 6) projection, 7) externalization, 8) repression.
expansion, moving against
Which orientation and mode of relating applies to a neurotic who says, "if I have power, no one can hurt me"?
moving against
Horney categorized a person who has a need for social recognition and prestige as using what type of solution to interpersonal conflict?
exploit others
Which neurotic need: dreads being taken advantage of by others, others evaluated primarily according to whether they can be exploited, pride in exploitative skills.
neurotic trends/needs
Ten strategies for minimizing basic anxiety (also called neurotic needs).
self expansive
One of the three basic orientations towards solving interpersonal conflicts in life, which represents a striving for control and domination
resignation, moving away
Which orientation and mode of relating applies to a neurotic who says, "if I withdraw, nothing can hurt me"?
anatomy is destiny
Contention of some personality theorists, Freud for example, that one's gender determines, to a large extent, one's personality characteristics.
moving against
Adjustment to basic anxiety that uses the tendency to exploit other people and to gain power over them. Horney referred to the person using this adjustment technique as the hostile type.
whole heartedness
In Horney's view, someone who was on the road to achieving this would exhibit: 1) responsibility, 2) inner independence, 3) spontaneity of feeling and, 4) ________.
inner independence
In Horney's view, someone who was on the road to achieving this would exhibit: 1) responsibility, 2) ________, 3) spontaneity of feeling and, 4) whole heartedness.
compliant
Horney categorized a person who has a need for affection and approval as being what TYPE of person?
safety
Child's need for security and freedom from fear that Horney believed must be satisfied before normal psychological development could occur.
self analysis
Contributions of Horney: 1) creative blending of earlier theorists, 2) __________, 3) pioneered feminine psychology.
pioneered feminine psychology
Contributions of Horney: 1) creative blending of earlier theorists, 2) self analysis, 3) __________.
externalization
Someone who says, "It was just luck that I succeeded" is exhibiting what process?
hostile
What type of person adjusts to basic anxiety and conflict by moving against people, expansion?
moving away
Horney categorized a person who has a need for self sufficiency and independence as using what type of solution to interpersonal conflict?
compartmentalization
Dividing one's life into various components with different rules applying to the different components.
moving toward
Horney categorized a person who has a need for partner who will run their life as using what type of solution to interpersonal conflict?
basic hostility
Horney's term for a predisposition to anticipate harm from others and thus to distrust them, which is later generalized to all.
detached
Horney categorized a person who has a need for self sufficiency and independence as being what TYPE of person?
Need for affection and approval
Which neurotic need: a person whose center of gravity lies in others, other's wishes and opinions are the only thing that counts, the neurotic person needs to be loved and admired by others.
moving toward
Horney categorized a person who has a need for affection and approval as using what type of solution to interpersonal conflict?
moving toward
Adjustment to basic anxiety that uses the need to be wanted, loved, and protected by other people. Horney referred to the person using this adjustment technique as the compliant type.
alienation
A state in which the real self and the idealized self are apart.
compliant
Horney categorized a person who has a need for need to live one's life within narrow limits as being what TYPE of person?
neurotic trends/need
Exaggerated defense strategies that permit an individual to cope with the world.
real self
That which a person actually is.
glory
According to Horney, a person who develops a neurotic way of dealing with basic anxiety and basic hostility by developing an idealized self-image, searches for _______.
security
What did Horney regard as the prime motivating force in human personality functioning?
self effacing
One of the three basic orientations towards solving interpersonal conflicts in life, which represents an appeal to be loved by others.
detached
What type of person adjusts to basic anxiety and conflict by moving away from people, resignation?
dependence and hostility
Two feelings for their parents that the child is caught between.
externalize it
What do people with basic anxiety and basic hostility do with anything about their real self that does not match their idealized self and is unacceptable?
free association
What technique did Horney recommend for the self helper to overcome the problem of resistance?
self-sufficiency and independence
Which neurotic need: goes to great extremes to avoid being obligated to anyone and does not want to be tied down. Needs to not yield to any influence
womb envy
The concept that men and boys experience jealousy over the woman's ability to bear and nurse children.
basic anxiety
Horney's term for feelings of insecurity and inferiority in which the environment as a whole is dreaded because it is seen as unrealistic, dangerous, unappreciative and unfair.
changing one's disruptive attitudes
Three main tasks confronting self-helpers: 1) being completely honest, 2) understanding the unconscious influences in one's life, 3) _______.
social recognition and prestige
Which neurotic need: lives to be recognized. Highest goal to gain prestige thru objects, money, persons, qualities, activities.
live one's life within narrow limits
Which neurotic need: being a martyr/doormat, puts others needs first, is conservative, avoids defeat by attempting very little, undemanding and contented with little.
self realization
Innate tendency to strive for truthfulness, productivity, and harmonious relationships with fellow humans.
conflict
What do people with basic anxiety and basic hostility not tolerate?
moving against
Horney categorized a person who has a need for personal admiration as using what type of solution to interpersonal conflict?
creative blending of earlier theorists
Contributions of Horney: 1) __________, 2) self analysis, 3) pioneered feminine psychology.
perfection and unassailability
Which neurotic need: hypersensitivity to criticism, attempts to be flawless. Feelings of superiority over others because of being perfect.
basic anxiety
What does Horney say causes feelings of helplessness and loneliness?
rationalization
Giving "good" but erroneous reasons to excuse conduct that would otherwise be anxiety-provoking. Horney used this term in much the same way that Freud did.
neurotic pride
According to Horney, four things that a person who develops a neurotic way of dealing with basic anxiety and basic hostility: 1) neurotic "should", 2) _______, 3) self hate, 4) idealized self-image.
excessive self-control
Guarding against anxiety by denying oneself emotional involvement in anything.
responsibility
In Horney's view, someone who was on the road to achieving this would exhibit: 1) ________, 2) inner independence, 3) spontaneity of feeling and, 4) whole heartedness.
moving against
Horney categorized a person who has a need for power as using what type of solution to interpersonal conflict?
self hate
According to Horney, four things that a person who develops a neurotic way of dealing with basic anxiety and basic hostility: 1) neurotic "should", 2) neurotic pride, 3) _______, 4) idealized self-image.
idealized self
That which a person thinks she should be.
compliant
What type of person adjusts to basic anxiety and conflict by moving toward people, self effacing?
idealized self
Fictitious view of oneself, with its list of "shoulds" that displaces the real self in the neurotic personality.
moving toward
The self effacing solution to interpersonal conflict relates to which of the three primary modes of adjusting to anxiety?
self analysis
A systematic effort at self understanding conducted without the aid of a professional.
hostile
Horney categorized a person who has a need for personal admiration as being what TYPE of person?
moving away
Three primary modes of RELATING: 1) moving toward, 2) moving against, 3) __________.
compliant
Type of person who uses moving toward people as the major means of reducing basic anxiety.
resignation
One of the three basic orientations towards solving interpersonal conflicts in life, which represents the desire to be free of others and not be involved in life.
basic anxiety
Horney's term for feeling of being lonely and helpless in a hostile world.
basic orientations
What did Horney call the fundamental modes of interaction with the world.
moving against
The self expansive solution to interpersonal conflict relates to which of the three primary modes of adjusting to anxiety?
understanding the unconscious influences in one's life
Three main tasks confronting self-helpers: 1) being completely honest, 2) _______, 3) changing one's disruptive attitudes.
personal admiration
Which neurotic need: lives to be flattered and complemented, dependent on living up to image and admiration of it by others.
hostile
Horney categorized a person who has a need to exploit others as being what TYPE of person?
self-analysis
Process of self-help that Horney believed people could apply to themselves to solve life's problems, and to minimize conflict.
spontaneity of feeling
In Horney's view, someone who was on the road to achieving this would exhibit: 1) responsibility, 2) inner independence, 3) ________ and, 4) whole heartedness.
arbitrary rightness
Exemplified when issues arise that have no clear solution one way or the other, and a person arbitrarily chooses one solution, thereby ending debate.
detached
Type of person who uses moving away from pe4ople as the major means of reducing basic anxiety.
power
Which neurotic need: glorifies strength and despises weakness, domination over others craved for its own sake, dread of uncontrollable situations.
ambition and personal achievement
Which neurotic need: intense interest in becoming famous, rich or important. self-evaluation dependent on being the very best, lover, writer, worker etc.
tyranny of the should
Label that Horney gave for when one's idealized self is substituted for the real self, one's behavior is governed by several unrealistic "shoulds."
lacks empirical support
Criticisms of Horney: 1) unoriginal, 2) __________, 3) focus on neurotics, not healthy functions.
moving away
One of the three primary modes of relating to people, in which one isolates herself and keeps away.
self expansive
Three basic ORIENTATIONS in solving interpersonal conflict: 1) self-effacing, 2) __________, 3) resignation.
unoriginal
Criticisms of Horney: 1) __________, 2) lacks empirical support, 3) focus on neurotics, not healthy functions.
basic hostility
Horney's term for the feeling generated in a child if needs for safety and satisfaction are not consistently and lovingly attended to by the parents.
cynicism
Strategy in which a person believes in nothing and is therefore immune to the disappointment that comes from being committed to something that is shown to be false.
moving against
One of the three primary modes of relating to people, in which one seeks to protect herself by revenge or controlling others.
self effacing
Three basic ORIENTATIONS in solving interpersonal conflict: 1) __________, 2) self expansive, 3) resignation.
moving against
Horney categorized a person who has a need to exploit others as using what type of solution to interpersonal conflict?
moving against
Three primary modes of RELATING: 1) moving toward, 2) __________, 3) moving away.
partner who will run one's life
Which neurotic need: a person who must been affiliated with someone who will protect him or her from all danger and fulfill all his needs, has dread of desertion.
moving away
Adjustment to basic anxiety that uses the need to be self-sufficient. Horney referred to the person using this adjustment technique as the detached type.
real self
Self that is healthy and conducive to positive growth. Although each person is born with a healthy one, the view of this self can be distorted by the basic evil. The basic evil causes a person to view his or her self negatively and then attempt to escape from it. Although the neurotic views this self negatively, it remains a source of potential health and positive growth.
self realization and able to solve own problems
In Horney's view, two key goals for psychotherapy.
hostile
Type of person who uses moving against people as the major means of reducing basic anxiety.
satisfaction
Meeting of such physiological needs as those for water, food, and sleep required for a child's biological survival.
self effacement, moving toward
Which orientation and mode of relating applies to a neurotic who says "if I give in, I shall not be hurt"?
moving toward
Three primary modes of RELATING: 1) __________, 2) moving against, 3) moving away.
moving toward
Horney categorized a person who has a need for need to live one's life within narrow limits as using what type of solution to interpersonal conflict?
blind spot
Certain aspect of experience that is denied or ignored because it is not in accordance with one's idealized self-image.
hostile
Horney categorized a person who has a need for social recognition and prestige as being what TYPE of person?
externalization
Belief that the causes of one's major experiences are external to oneself.
moving away
The resignation solution to interpersonal conflict relates to which of the three primary modes of adjusting to anxiety?
focus on neurotics, not healthy functions
Criticisms of Horney: 1) unoriginal, 2) lacks empirical support, 3) __________.
compliant
Horney categorized a person who has a need for partner who will run their life as being what TYPE of person?
detached
Horney categorized a person who has a need for perfection and unassailability as being what TYPE of person?
elusiveness
Opposite to arbitrary rightness. The elusive person is highly indecisive. Without commitments to anything this person is seldom, if ever, wrong.
moving away
Horney categorized a person who has a need for perfection and unassailability as using what type of solution to interpersonal conflict?
being completely honest
Three main tasks confronting self-helpers: 1) _______, 2) understanding the unconscious influences in one's life, 3) changing one's disruptive attitudes.
neurotic "should"
According to Horney, four things that a person who develops a neurotic way of dealing with basic anxiety and basic hostility: 1) _______, 2) neurotic pride, 3) self hate, 4) idealized self-image.
moving toward
One of the three primary modes of relating to people, in which one accepts her own helplessness and becomes compliant in order to depend on others.
tyranny of the should
Neurotic persons look at their self as they think they should be and not at what they really are. It creates an unrealistic self image.
internalized oppression
Oppressive ideologies convince members of subordinate groups that they are inferior, which leads to _____________ in some members of the subordinate groups.
basic anxiety
Psychological state that exists when basic hostility is repressed. It is the general feeling that everything and everyone in the world is potentially dangerous and that one is helpless relative to those dangers.
resignation
Three basic ORIENTATIONS in solving interpersonal conflict: 1) self-effacing, 2) self expansive, 3) __________.
basic evil
Anything that parents do that undermines a child's security.
idealized self-image
According to Horney, four things that a person who develops a neurotic way of dealing with basic anxiety and basic hostility: 1) neurotic "should", 2) neurotic pride, 3) self hate, 4) _______.
responsibility
Horney described four characteristics that were the goal of therapy. One was making decisions in one's life and accepting the consequences of those decisions and recognizing obligations to other people.