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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
History Final - Tests Outline
Terms in this set (55)
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were charged with, and convicted of...
Robbery and murder
To expand its membership in the 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan engaged in all of the following....
-Blaming national problems on immigrants
-Playing on people's fears of political radicals
-Allowing members to profit from recruiting new members
To expand its membership in the 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan engaged in all of the following except....
Encouraging white women to join the organization
The immigration policies of the 1920s limited immigration from all of the following countries...
The immigration policies of the 1920s limited immigration from all of the following countries except...
Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer believed that he needed to protect the American people from...
During the 1920s, union membership...
The first practical peacetime use of airplanes was for...
The main factor causing urban sprawl in the 1920s was...
The Teapot Dome scandal centered around...
The Fordney-McCumber Tariff was meant to...
Raise taxes on goods entering the US (imports)
To protect their own interests, employers often accused striking workers of being...
How did the automobile help to increase America's standard of living?
It created urban sprawl (the spreading of cities). People were more able to travel farther. There was more independence.
How did airline industry help to increase America's standard of living?
At first, planes were used by the US mail service. People dressed up to fly in airplanes. Planes started using radios and navigation tools. People could fly outside of the country. The first transatlantic flight came about.
How did alternating electric current help to increase America's standard of living?
Factories used electricity to produce goods. The lives of housewives were made easier. Electricity could be spread over greater distances.
How did the modern advertising methods help to increase America's standard of living?
Psychologists were hired to appeal to the public. Brand names became popular. Luxury items began to feel like necessities.
How did business mergers help to increase America's standard of living?
Businesses joined together to create larger businesses. Goods could be made faster and cheaper.
how did the Installment Plan help to increase America's standard of living?
With this, people could buy goods without fully paying for them at the time of the purchase. It started the superficial prosperity. Many people bought cars with the plan.
What signs existed in the 1920s suggesting that economic prosperity might be superficial?
As the number of businesses grew, so too did the income gap between workers and managers. The railroad and iron industries, among others, weren't very prosperous. With new machines, farms were producing more food than was needed and this drove food prices down.
What increased in the 1920s?
What was not a cause of the Great Depression?
A growing number of homeless people
What were some causes of the Great Depression?
-Tariffs on foreign goods
-The availability of easy credit
-Overproduction of crops
After the stock market crash, how did President Hoover try to help the economy?
By asking businesses not to lay off employees
Who made up the Bonus Army that marched on Washington?
World War I veterans and their families
Which candidates ran for president in 1932?
Herbert Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt
What does buying a stock on margin mean?
Borrowing money to help pay for the stock
What was not an effect of the Great Depression?
Many people started farming.
What were some effects of the Great Depression?
-Many men became unemployed.
-Many children had a poor diet.
-Many families became homeless.
What name was given to the men and boys who rode the rails as they searched for work?
What describes a government system for giving payments or food to the poor?
What did a working class family eat during the Depression?
They ate mostly potatoes. They could not afford anything else. Occasionally, the family begged and got some measly dog meat.
Where did many African-American city dwellers end up living during the Depression?
Many end up living in run down sections. They dug through garbage as a result of starvation. The floors of their homes were cracked concrete and the walls were stained white washed rock. They were forced to pay high rents and commonly take in lodgers. The toilet was a tin can and the window was a slit in the wall.
What did President Hoover, or those who worked for him, tell people to do to try to end the Depression?
They told people to spend more. He also told people to build homes. These ideas did not help solve the problems of the economic slump during the Depression.
What was the first major action Roosevelt took as president?
He closed all of the nation's banks and ordered inspections.
Who was the first woman to serve in the Cabinet?
What was a goal of the New Deal?
To regulate the stock market
What was most directly responsible for creating new jobs and putting people to work?
Works Progress Administration
What was the main objective of the Agricultural Adjustment Act?
To raise prices of farm products
What piece of New Deal legislation was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court?
National Industrial Recovery Act
What role did Eleanor Roosevelt play in the Roosevelt administration?
What reached a new high during Roosevelt's first term as president?
What of Roosevelt's ideas failed to become a law?
The reorganization of the Supreme Court (the Packing Bill)
Who wrote the Grapes of Wrath about the grim lives of Oklahomans fleeing the Dust Bowl during the Depression?
-Launched a massive drive to collectivize agriculture
-Responsible for the execution of millions as he reconstructed Soviet society
-Launched an invasion of Ethiopia
-Wrote Mein Kampf
-Leader of the National Socialist German Workers' Party
-Launched an invasion of Manchuria
-Came to power through acts of aggression
-Pulled Japan out of the League of Nations
-Aided by Hitler and Mussolini
-Came to power through a civil war
What leader transformed the Soviet Union from a rural nation into an industrial power?
What is genocide, as practiced by the Nazis?
The deliberate extermination of a specific group of people
When did Britain and France adopt a policy of appeasement toward Germany?
Before the war began
What country is Francisco Franco correctly matched with?
What did Winston Churchill oppose?
The Munich Pact
What nation signed a nonaggression pact with Germany that led to the invasion and division of Poland?
The Soviet Union
In following a policy of appeasement, what did Britain and France do?
Submitted to Hitler's demands
Recommended textbook explanations
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
United States History
Alan Taylor, Emma J. Lapsansky-Werner, Peter B. Levy, Randy Roberts
Deborah Gray White, Edward L. Ayers, Jesús F. de la Teja, Robert D. Schulzinger
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US History Chapter 7
History Chapter 20/21
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