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US History Unit 5
Terms in this set (15)
Why was the Louisiana Purchase significant to the development of the US?
The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the US and it resulted in trade, cheap land, and suffrage.
What was the political controversy surrounding the Louisiana Purchase?
Jefferson purchased the land against his strict constructionist beliefs and used loose constructionist beliefs and the Elastic Clause to purchase the land.
Explain the significance of the Monroe Doctrine.
President Monroe warned European nations not to attempt to reestablish those colonial claims, and America would oppose any European nation seeking to do so.
Why did Democracy and Suffrage expand as settlers started moving Westward?
The additional lands insured spread of democracy as new territories became states of the Union on equal terms as the original 13 colonies and all white males were given the right to vote.
Describe the Nullification Crisis over the passage of the Protective Tariff.
A tariff was introduced in Congress, northern manufacturers favored a high tariff, southerners were against it, western congressmen sided with the north in order to get support from the Northern states for their favored issues, and the tariff was passed.
How did President Jackson deal with Native Americans?
He passed the Indian Removal Act, which forced Native Americans to move west of the Mississippi River.
Describe Manifest Destiny and give an example.
Manifest Destiny is the belief that Americans had a God-given right to al land of the North American continent and it meant the desire to spread the nation to the Pacific Ocean. An example is the Trail of Tears.
Why did Texans revolt against the Mexican Government?
Texans revolted against the Mexican Government because the Mexican Government outlawed slavery.
How did the President Polk and the US justify declaring war on Mexico?
Shortly after his election, Texas was annexed by Congress, and Polk sent American representatives to Mexico to offer to purchase additional Mexican territory, but Mexico refused. Polk interpreted the action sending American troops into a region disputed between Texas and Mexico as an act of war, and the US declared war on Mexico.
What were the results of the Mexican-American War?
The US easily defeats Mexico and Mexico is forced to turn over a huge portion of their country to the US. The war established an adverbial relationship between the US and Mexico and hard feelings have lasted into the 20th century.
13 Colonies- Where did the US gain the land and how did the US gain this land?
Great Britain, US declared independence from Great Britain
Louisiana Purchase- Where did the US gain the land and how did the US gain this land?
France, Napoleon needed money, Jefferson wanted to buy New Orleans and he got all this instead
Texas- Where did the US gain the land and how did the US gain this land?
Republic of Texas (Independent Country)- Texas independent from Mexico, Polk wanted to annex it
Oregon Territory- Where did the US gain the land and how did the US gain this land?
Great Britain, Treaty is signed by US and Britain in a compromise
Mexican Cession- Where did the US gain the land and how did the US gain this land?
Mexico, results of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ending the Mexican War, $15 million given to Mexico
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
US History H Mid-Term Review
Unit 1 Colonial America
US History Chapter 3 - Extra Credit
Unit 3 - Federalism
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