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14 terms

nitrogenous bases, DNA, RNA....

adenine, guanine, DNA, RNA,Watson and Crick blah blah blah
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Watson and Crick
two male scientists that discovered (using evidence from past scientific discoveries made by other scientists) that DNA is in the form of a double helix
double helix
a word used to describe the double winding staircase shape of DNA
uranine
a base only found in RNA and not in DNA, that is paired with adenine in RNA
thymine
a base found in DNA and not RNA that pairs with adenine in DNA. the letter "T" is an abbreviation for this base
hydrogen bonds
type of bonds that hold bases together
Erwin Chargaff
scientist that discovered base pairs and complementary base pairs
complementary base pair
a pair of bases (such as guanine and cytosine) that always pair together
nucleotide
a structure that makes up DNA. consists of a phosphate, five carbon sugar (deoxyribose in DNA, ribose in RNA), and a nitrogen containing base (a.k.a. nitrogenous base) {...note: anything that ends in -ose is a sugar}
adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine
the abbreviations a,t,g, and c stand for the bases _______, ________, _________ and ___________
neighboring nucleotides
nucleotides on the same strand are
complementary nucleotides
nucleotides opposite to each other
promoter
tells enzymes to start
termination signal
tells enzymes to stop
codon
series made up of 3 bases; each series creates an amino acid