120 terms

Mr. Ross's End of Year Vocab

Chapters 9-16 of the vocabulary for the end of the year.
STUDY
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machination
an evil design or plan
pejorative
having a negative effect; insulting
harbinger
an omen or sign
nubile
suitable for marriage in age and physical development, referring to a female
sapient
wise; full of knowledge
chimerical
imaginary; fantastic
masochist
one who enjoys his or her own pain and suffering
finesse
diplomacy; tact; artful management
heterogeneous
different; dissimilar
eclectic
choosing from various sources
grandiose
impressive; showy; magnificent
raiment
clothing; garments
blanch
to whiten; to make pale
hybrid
anything of mixed origin
idiosyncrasy
a peculiar personality trait
idolatry
excessive or blind adoration; worship of an object
adulterate
to make impure, to contaminate
emanate
to come forth; to send forth
garish
tastelessly gaudy
immutable
unchangeable, fixed
diadem
a crown
bucolic
pertaining to the countryside; rural, rustic
redolent
having a pleasant odor; suggestive or evocative
impecunious
without money; penniless
sedition
rebellion or resistance against the government
defile
to pollute, to corrupt
gratuitous
unnecessary or uncalled for
onus
a burden, responsibility, obligation
impious
disrespectful towards God
caveat
a warning
elixir
a supposed remedy for all ailments
dessicated
dried up
cessation
a stopping; a discontinuance
juxtapose
to place side-by-side for comparison
kinetic
pertaining to motion
garrulous
talkative
fetish
an object that receives respect or devotion
scintillate
to sparkle; to twinkle; to sparkle intellectually
lachrymose
tearful; weepy
fissure
an opening; a groove; a split
epitome
a typical example
languid
sluggish; drooping from weakness
delineate
to describe; to depict
legerdemain
sleight of hand; deception
libertine
one who leads an immoral life
halcyon
calm, pleasant
fastidious
hard to please; fussy
badinage
playful, teasing talk
malapropism
a word humorously misused
garner
to gather; to acquire
kismet
destiny; fate; fortune (one's lot in life)
hegira
flight, escape
paradigm
a model; an example
debauchery
corruption; self-indulgence
milieu
environment; setting
regress
to move in a backward direction
bilious
bad tempered, cross
necromancy
magic, especially that practiced by a witch
gumption
courage and initiative; common sense
blandishment
flattery
nirvana
a condition of great peace or happiness
salutary
healthful; wholesome
despicable
contemptible, hateful
harlequin
a clown
empathy
an understanding of another's feelings
brevity
briefness; short duration
savant
a person of extensive learning; an eminent scholar
obsequious
excessively submissive or overly attentive
redundant
repetitious; using more words than needed
offal
garbage; waste parts
hoi polloi
common people; the masses
sentient
conscious; capable of feeling or perceiving
impinge
to encroach; to trespass
cataract
a large waterfall
animosity
hatred
bombast
impressive but meaningless language
orthography
correct spelling
paleontology
a science dealing with prehistoric life through the study of fossils
recoil
to retreat; to draw back
panache
self-confidence; a showy manner
saturnine
gloomy; sluggish
endemic
confined to a particular country or area
mendacious
lying; false; deceitful
obviate
to prevent; to get around
aggrandize
to enlarge; to expand
paroxysm
a sudden outburst; a fit
deign
to lower oneself before an inferior
flaunt
to show off
shibboleth
a word or pronunciation that distinguishes someone as of a particular group
elicit
to draw forth; to call forth
orifice
mouth; opening
hallow
to make holy
perdition
damnation; ruin; hell
chaff
worthless matter
aesthetic
pertaining to beauty
empirical
based on practical experience rather than theory
germane
relevant; fitting
hermetic
tightly sealed
meretricious
attractive in a cheap, flashy way
querulous
complaining; grumbling
flaccid
flabby
hospice
a shelter for travelers, orphans, or the ill or destitute
egregious
remarkably bad; outrageous
ratiocinate
to reason; to think
foment
to stir up; to incite
salient
significant; conspicuous; standing out from the rest
recant
to withdraw or disavow a statement or opinion
jocular
humorous, lighthearted
palliate
to ease, to lessen, to soothe
malleable
capable of being changed; easily shaped
recreant
a coward; a traitor
affinity
an attraction to
impalpable
unable to be felt, intangible
fiscal
pertaining to finances
regale
to delight with something pleasing or amusing
miscreant
a vicious person
flagellate
to whip; to lash
lascivious
lustful or lewd
flout
to ridicule; to show contempt for
salacious
obscene; lusty