SOCIAL STUDIES

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

LEGISLATURE
A group of people who have the power to make laws
BILL OF RIGHTS
A written list of freedoms that a government promises to protect
HABEUS CORPUS
The principle that a person cannot be held in prison without being charged with a specific crime
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS
The right of journalists to publish the truth without restriction or penalty
LIBEL
publishing of false statements that unjustly damage a persons reputation
EXTENDED FAMILY
a family group that includes parents, children, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins
APPRENTICE
person who learns trade or craft from a master
GENTRY
upper class of colonial society
MIDDLE CLASS
a portion of the colonial population that includes small planters, independent farmers and skilled craft workers
INDENTURED SERVANT
person who signs a contract to work for a set number of years in exchange for ocean passage to the colonies
TRIANGULAR TRADE
a three way trade between the colonies, the islands of the Caribbean, and Africa
RACISM
the belief that one race is superior or inferior to another
SLAVE CODE
strict laws that restricted the rights and activities of the slaves
PUBLIC SCHOOL
a school supported by taxes
DAME SCHOOL
schools that woman opened in their homes to teach girls and boys to read and write
NATURAL RIGHTS
rights that belong to every human being from birth
DIVINE RIGHTS
the belief that monarchs get their authority to rule directly from God
SEPARATION OF POWERS
division of the power of government into separate branches
ENLIGHTENMENT
European thinkers thought all problems could be solved by human reasons. They called themselves "Enlightenment thinkers". They looked for natural laws.
SMUGGLING
Illegally importing or exporting goods
ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS
Signed my queen Mary and king William. 3 important rights were 1. guaranteed trail by jury. 2. parliament had to approve taxes. 3. people could not be jailed without knowing what they did.
GLORIOUS REVOLUTION
1688/ parliament removed king James 2 from the throne and invited his daughter Mary and her husband William to rule England.
THE NAVIGATION ACTS
1. Favored English merchants. 2. contributed to a booming ship industry. 3, got around by smuggling.
MAGNA CARTA
You could Own private property and this restricted the kings power. This was allowed to all English citizens
MIDDLE PASSAGE
Slaves were traded for guns and other goods. they were then located onto slave ships and transported across the Atlantic on a brutal voyage that became known as the Middle Passage.
GREAT AWAKENING
Christian movement goes through colonies. Preachers urge to devotion to God. New churches.
PARLIAMENT
Control over the monarch. Approve new taxes
JONATHAN EDWARDS
Called on people to examine their lives and commit themselves to God
ANNE BRADSTREET AND PHYLLIS WHEATLEY
First colonial poet/ later poet and was enslaved. Both were influential writers
JOHN LOCK
Natural rights/ life, liberty, and property
BARON DE MONTESQUIEU
French thinker/ also influenced american ideas. He favored SEPARATION OF POWERS
HOUSE OF COMMONS/HOUSE OF LORDS
Middle class people/ nobles and whom inherited wealth
JOHN PETER ZENGER
Famous trial/ thrown in jail for telling the truth
Two main crops that were exported to England ?
Molasses and sugar
Who could not vote?
Native Americans/ Woman/ Africans
How was status determined?
How much property you own