15 terms

Ethical Naturalism

STUDY
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Basic Idea
-Based on moral facts
-Based on nature and what is natural
David Hume
"A wise man proportions his belief to the evidence"
-Was an empiricist
-He believed that things can only be real or meaningful if they can be verified or proven by our senses
-Come to their conclusions using non-ethical evidence
-Ethical naturalism developed from Hume's ideas
Hedonic Naturalists
-Good is defined as an object of favourable interest
-Right is defined as being conductive to harmonious happiness
-Hedonic Naturalists see goodness as a fact of pleasure or happiness
-We can prove it true or false by looking at the evidence
F.H.Bradley
-Moral perspective is determined from self-realisation
-To be a good person, we must know our station and it's duties
-Doing wrong is not a case of breaking certain rules, rather it is going against society
G.E.Moore
-Any attempt to identify goodness with a natural quality is a mistake
-The claim that moral statements can be verified or falsified is to commit the naturalistic fallacy
Strength
Definitions are given - more specific than other ethics, such as situation ethics
Strength
Based on what's natural - everyone can experience it
Weakness
Not everyone knows their duty
Weakness
Some situations still break the law
Weakness
Right+Wrong is subjective, not objective
Weakness
Do ethical/moral situations have evidence?
Weakness
Does not allow for moral dispute
Weakness
We have differing attitudes at particular times
Weakness
We can't have ethical facts from looking at the world
Weakness
Is-ought gap
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