A Divided Nation Chapter 15- review
Terms in this set (25)
to leave the union; the south seceded from the union
compromise of 1850
Henry Clay's proposed agreement that allowed California to enter the Union as a free state and divided the rest of the Mexican Cession into two territories where slavery would be decided by popular sovereignty
fugitive slave act
A law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders
Loyalty to one's own region of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole.
free soil party
political party dedicated to stopping the expansion of slavery
1846-David Wilmot proposed an amendment to an appropriations bill to forbid slavery in new territories from Mexico. passed House twice, defeated in Senate
The concept that a States people should vote whether to be a slave state or Free
Uncle Tom's Cabin
an 1852 novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe written to show the evils of slavery and the injustice of the Fugitive Slave Act
Kansas Nebraska Act
This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were proslavery and antislavery moved to Kansas, but some antislavery settlers were against the Act. This began guerrilla warfare.
Conflict over the expansion of slavery into the Kansas Territory during its transition to statehood. Free-Staters battled slavery supporters with violence.
When John Brown (abolitionist) and followers murdered 5 pro-slavery settlers in Kansas to scare other slave supporters and to keep slavery supporters from moving into Kansas.
political party established in the United States in 1854 with the goal of keeping slavery out of the western territories
Dred Scott decision
Dred Scott, a Missouri slave, sued for his freedom, claiming that his four year stay in the northern portion of the Louisiana Territory made free land by the Missouri Compromise had made him a free man. The U.S, Supreme Court decided he couldn't sue in federal court because he was property, not a citizen.
-the court ruled that blacks were not citizens of the US and did not have rights.
first African American unit to fight a battle, to show the other soldiers that they could fight
John Browns Raid
1859. Harpers Ferry - attempt by white abolitionist John Brown to start an armed slave revolt by seizing US Arsenal at Harpers Ferry in Virginia. defeated by detachment of US marines led by Robert E. Lee. Within 36 hours most of Browns men were either killed or captured.
Election of 1860
Lincoln, the Republican candidate, won because the Democratic party was split over slavery. As a result, the South no longer felt like it has a voice in politics and a number of states seceded from the Union.
Confederate States of America
the name adopted by the 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union during the Civil War
Self-educated slave who escaped in 1838, Douglas became the best-known abolitionist speaker. He edited an anti-slavery weekly, the North Star.
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Senator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln. Wrote the Kansas-Nebreaska Act and the Freeport Doctrine
John C. Calhoun
The 7th Vice President of the United States and a leading Southern politician from South Carolina during the first half of the 19th century. He was an advocate of slavery, states' rights, limited government, and nullification.
Senator who persuaded Congress to accept the Missouri Compromise, which admitted Maine into the Union as a free state, and Missouri as a slave state
Slave that was arrested and jailed in Boston, abolitionists tried to set him free, the deputy marshall was killed in the attempt, the slave was then returend to slavery
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, a book about a slave who is treated badly, in 1852. The book persuaded more people, particularly Northerners, to become anti-slavery.
president of Confederate States of America