103 terms

ART EXAM

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Angular Perspective
Another name for two point perspective.
Approximate Symmetry
The organization of the parts of a composition such that the sides of a vertical axis are visually equal without being identified.
Background
The area of a picture that appears farthest away in a three-dimensional illusion.
Calligraphy
Precise elegant handwriting or lettering done by hand. The word "calligraphic" is sometimes used to describe a line in an artwork that has the flowing elegance of calligraphy
Cast Shadow
The shadow cast by a form onto a nearby surface.
Center of Interest
The area of an artwork toward which the eye is directed; the visual focal point of the work.
Chiaroscuro
In drawing or painting, the use of strong contrast between light and dark, and the gradual transition of values, producing the effect of modeling. Also, an Italian term meaning dark and light.
Collage
A work of art in which materials such as paper, cloth or found materials, are glued onto a surface.
Color Harmony
Combinations of color- such as complementary or analogous colors- that can be defined by their positions on the color wheel.
Color Wheel
The circular arrangements of hues based on a color theory.
Composition
The arrangement of elements such as line, value, and form within an artwork; principles of design are considered in order to achieve a successful cmposition
Contour Lines
Lines that describe a shape of a figure or an object and also include interior detail. These lines can vary in thickness.
Contrast
A principle of design that refers to differences in elements such as color, texture,value,and shape. Usually adds excitement, drama and interest to artworks
Crosshatchings
Closely-spaced, parallel lines hat overlap at angles to each other. Cross-hatching is used primarily in drawing and printmaking to create areas of shading.
Curvilinear
Stresses the use of curved lines.
Dynamic
Constantly changing or moving;in a state of imbalance or tension.
Elements of Design
The basic components used by the artist to create works of art. Shape, value, texture, line and color are elements of design.
Emphasis
Principle of art by which the artist combines contrasting sizes, shapes, colors or other elements to place greater attention on certain areas in a work of art.
Eye Level
An imaginary horizon line that is even with the height of your eyes.
Figure
The human form or any recognizable object or nonrepresentational shape.
Foreground
Area of a picture that appears nearest to the viewer.
Form
A three-dimensional shape that encloses space.
Formal Balance
Another name for Symmetrical Balance
Geometric Shape
A shape - such as a triangle or rectangle-that can be defined precisely by mathematical coordinates and measurements.
Gestural Drawing
A quick drawing that captures the gestures and movements of the body.
Gestural Lines
An energetic type of line that catches the movements and gestures of an active figure.
Hard Edge
Crisp, clean edges achieved through the use of flat even values or colors
Harmony
Principle of art that stresses the related qualities of all parts of a composition.
Hatching
A technique in which lines or strokes are placed parallel to each other, used to create gray tones.
Horizon Line
The line at which sky and earth meet.
Hue
The characteristic or quality identified by the name of a color
Implied Line
Line that is sugggested by a change in color or value.
Informal Balance
Another name for Asymmetrical Balance
Intensity
The saturation, strength or purity of a color. A brilliant color is of high intensity; a dull color of low intensity.
Intermediate Colors
Color created by mixing a primary color with a secondary color. Also known as tertiary colors.
Intermediate Colors
Colors created by mixing equal amounts of primary colors with their neighboring secondary colors. For example, mixing yellow (a primary color) with orange (a seconardy color) creates the intermediate color yellow-orange.
Kinetic Art
Three-Dimensional sculpture that contains moving parts.
Line
An element of art that is continuous mark made by a tool as it is drawn across a surface.Also known as a dot that moves.
Linear Perspective
Technique used to create the illusion of depth on a two-dimensional plane.
Line of Sight
A type of implied line from a figure's eyes to a viewed object, directing the attention of the viewer of a design from one part of it to another.
Line Personality
The general characteristics of a line, such as its direction, movement, quality, or weight.
Middleground
The intermediate zone of space, between foreground and background, in a work of art.
Modeling
The use of light and dark values to create form.
Monochromatic
A color scheme of one color plus black and white.
Motif
The repetition of visual elements, or combination of elements that dominate and help unify a work of art.
Narrative Art
A form of art that tells a story.
Negative Space
The area surrounding positive shapes.
Neutral
Having no easily seen hue. White, gray, and black are neutrals.
Neutrals
White,gray,brown and black. Neutrals result when there is no reflection of any single wavelength of light, but rather all of them at once.
One Point Perspective
Perspective in which all parallel line converge at a single pint on the horizon line.
Organic
Free, irregular form that resembles living things.
Organic Shape
A shape that is free-form or irregular; the opposite of geometric shape.
Outline
Line of uniform thickness around the outer edge of a form to show its overall shapes.
Overlapping
Placing one object in front of another, to create depth in a work of art.
Parallel Perspective
Another name for one point perspective
Pattern
An arranged repetition of forms or design, or a combination of both.
Perspective
A technique used to create the illusion of three-dimensional space and objects on the two-dimensional surface of a picture plane.
Perspective Drawing
A drawing on a two-dimensional surface that gives the illusion of three-dimensional space and objects.
Picture Plane
The flat surface of a composition
Portfolio
A collection of an artist's work for presentation.
Portrait
A picture that features a person or group.
Positive Space
The areas containing the subject matter in an artwork; the objects depicted, as opposed to the background or space around those objects
Primary Colors
The hues-red, yellow, and blue-from which all other colors are made
Principles of art
The means by which the visual elements are organized and integrated into a unified arrangement.They include balance, harmony, emphasis, movement, rhythm, unity and variety.
Proportion
Relationship of elements to one another and to the whole artwork in terms of their properties of quantity, size and degree of emphasis.
Radial Balance
A composition tht is based on a circle, with the design radiating from a central point
Repetition
The use of the same usual elements over and over in a composition. It may produce the dominance of one visual idea, harmony, unity or a rhythmic movement.
Rhythm
Principle of art that uses repetition of visual elements in a work of art, to create a feeling of movement.
Rubbing/Frottage
A technique of reproducing textures by placing paper over the textures surface, and rubbing the paper with a drawing medium.
Scale
The relative size of a figure or object, compared to others of its kind, its environment, or humans
Secondary Colors
Colors produced by mixing equal amounts of any two primary colors. The secondary colors are violet (red mixed with blue), orange (red mixed with yellow), and green (blue mixed with yellow).
Shade
A darker value of a hue, created by adding black or a darker complementary color to the original hue.
Shading
Using art media to create darkened areas (shadows) that give the illusion of space and depth.
Shape
An element of design that is two-dimensional and encloses an area.
Sketchbook
A drawing notebook in which artist record things thy see or imagine.
Sketch Line
A quick line that captures the appearance of an object or the impression of a place
Spectrum
The complete range of color that is present in white light
Split Complementary
A color plus the two hues next to that color's complement. For example, blue forms a split complementary with yellow-orange and red-orange.
Static
Showing no movement or action.
Still Life
An arrangement of non-moving object that are subject matter fo a work of art.
Stippling
A technique that uses patterns of dots to create values and value gradation.
Structural Lines
Lines that hold a design together.
Structure
The constructive elements of a work of art; the foundation of a composition.
Subject Matter
Things represented in a work of art.
Symmetrical Balance
The organization of the parts of a composition such that each side of a vertical axis mirror the other.
Tactile
A quality perceived through the sense of touch.
Tertiary Colors
Colors created by mixing primary and secondary colors.
Texture
An artwork's actual or implied surface quality; such as rough, smooth, or soft
Thumbnail Sketches
Small, quick sketches that record ideas and information for a final work of art.
Tint
A lighter value of a hue, created by adding white to the original hue.
Tone
A less intense value of a hue created by adding gray to the original hue.
Triadic Harmony
A combination of three equally-spaced hues on the color wheel. Examples are red, yellow, and blue, or blue-green, red-violet, and, yellow-orange.
Two Point Perspective
A way to show three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface, using two widely-set vanishing points and two sets of converging lines to represent forms.
Unity
The sense of oneness or wholeness in a work of art.
Value
An element of design that refers to the lightness or darkness of grays and colors.
Value Contrast
Dark and light values placed close together. Black in proximity to white creates the greatest value.
Value Gradation
The gradual change from dark to light areas. It creates the illusion of three dimensions on a flat surface.
Value Scale
The range from white through gray to black, modified gradually.
Vanishing Point
In a composition featuring linear perspective, that spot on the horizon toward which parallel lines appear to converge and at which they seem to disappear.
Variety
The use of many different elements in a composition.
Viewfinder
A device that works as a window through which subject matter is pictured. It gives the artist an idea of proportion, layout, and is excellent for cropping.
Visual Rhythm
The results of pattern combined with implied movement. Elements or motifs are combined to create a series of regular pauses
Warm Colors
The hues that range from yellow to red-violet on the olor wheel