The organization of the parts of a composition such that the sides of a vertical axis are visually equal without being identified.
The area of a picture that appears farthest away in a three-dimensional illusion.
Precise elegant handwriting or lettering done by hand. The word "calligraphic" is sometimes used to describe a line in an artwork that has the flowing elegance of calligraphy
The shadow cast by a form onto a nearby surface.
Center of Interest
The area of an artwork toward which the eye is directed; the visual focal point of the work.
In drawing or painting, the use of strong contrast between light and dark, and the gradual transition of values, producing the effect of modeling. Also, an Italian term meaning dark and light.
A work of art in which materials such as paper, cloth or found materials, are glued onto a surface.
Combinations of color- such as complementary or analogous colors- that can be defined by their positions on the color wheel.
The circular arrangements of hues based on a color theory.
The arrangement of elements such as line, value, and form within an artwork; principles of design are considered in order to achieve a successful cmposition
Lines that describe a shape of a figure or an object and also include interior detail. These lines can vary in thickness.
A principle of design that refers to differences in elements such as color, texture,value,and shape. Usually adds excitement, drama and interest to artworks
Closely-spaced, parallel lines hat overlap at angles to each other. Cross-hatching is used primarily in drawing and printmaking to create areas of shading.
Stresses the use of curved lines.
Constantly changing or moving;in a state of imbalance or tension.
Elements of Design
The basic components used by the artist to create works of art. Shape, value, texture, line and color are elements of design.
Principle of art by which the artist combines contrasting sizes, shapes, colors or other elements to place greater attention on certain areas in a work of art.
An imaginary horizon line that is even with the height of your eyes.
The human form or any recognizable object or nonrepresentational shape.
Area of a picture that appears nearest to the viewer.
A three-dimensional shape that encloses space.
Another name for Symmetrical Balance
A shape - such as a triangle or rectangle-that can be defined precisely by mathematical coordinates and measurements.
A quick drawing that captures the gestures and movements of the body.
An energetic type of line that catches the movements and gestures of an active figure.
Crisp, clean edges achieved through the use of flat even values or colors
Principle of art that stresses the related qualities of all parts of a composition.
A technique in which lines or strokes are placed parallel to each other, used to create gray tones.
The line at which sky and earth meet.
The characteristic or quality identified by the name of a color
Line that is sugggested by a change in color or value.
Another name for Asymmetrical Balance
The saturation, strength or purity of a color. A brilliant color is of high intensity; a dull color of low intensity.
Color created by mixing a primary color with a secondary color. Also known as tertiary colors.
Colors created by mixing equal amounts of primary colors with their neighboring secondary colors. For example, mixing yellow (a primary color) with orange (a seconardy color) creates the intermediate color yellow-orange.
Three-Dimensional sculpture that contains moving parts.
An element of art that is continuous mark made by a tool as it is drawn across a surface.Also known as a dot that moves.
Technique used to create the illusion of depth on a two-dimensional plane.
Line of Sight
A type of implied line from a figure's eyes to a viewed object, directing the attention of the viewer of a design from one part of it to another.
The general characteristics of a line, such as its direction, movement, quality, or weight.
The intermediate zone of space, between foreground and background, in a work of art.
The use of light and dark values to create form.
A color scheme of one color plus black and white.
The repetition of visual elements, or combination of elements that dominate and help unify a work of art.
A form of art that tells a story.
The area surrounding positive shapes.
Having no easily seen hue. White, gray, and black are neutrals.
White,gray,brown and black. Neutrals result when there is no reflection of any single wavelength of light, but rather all of them at once.
One Point Perspective
Perspective in which all parallel line converge at a single pint on the horizon line.
Free, irregular form that resembles living things.
A shape that is free-form or irregular; the opposite of geometric shape.
Line of uniform thickness around the outer edge of a form to show its overall shapes.
Placing one object in front of another, to create depth in a work of art.
Another name for one point perspective
An arranged repetition of forms or design, or a combination of both.
A technique used to create the illusion of three-dimensional space and objects on the two-dimensional surface of a picture plane.
A drawing on a two-dimensional surface that gives the illusion of three-dimensional space and objects.
The flat surface of a composition
A collection of an artist's work for presentation.
A picture that features a person or group.
The areas containing the subject matter in an artwork; the objects depicted, as opposed to the background or space around those objects
The hues-red, yellow, and blue-from which all other colors are made
Principles of art
The means by which the visual elements are organized and integrated into a unified arrangement.They include balance, harmony, emphasis, movement, rhythm, unity and variety.
Relationship of elements to one another and to the whole artwork in terms of their properties of quantity, size and degree of emphasis.
A composition tht is based on a circle, with the design radiating from a central point
The use of the same usual elements over and over in a composition. It may produce the dominance of one visual idea, harmony, unity or a rhythmic movement.
Principle of art that uses repetition of visual elements in a work of art, to create a feeling of movement.
A technique of reproducing textures by placing paper over the textures surface, and rubbing the paper with a drawing medium.
The relative size of a figure or object, compared to others of its kind, its environment, or humans
Colors produced by mixing equal amounts of any two primary colors. The secondary colors are violet (red mixed with blue), orange (red mixed with yellow), and green (blue mixed with yellow).
A darker value of a hue, created by adding black or a darker complementary color to the original hue.
Using art media to create darkened areas (shadows) that give the illusion of space and depth.
An element of design that is two-dimensional and encloses an area.
A drawing notebook in which artist record things thy see or imagine.
A quick line that captures the appearance of an object or the impression of a place
The complete range of color that is present in white light
A color plus the two hues next to that color's complement. For example, blue forms a split complementary with yellow-orange and red-orange.
Showing no movement or action.
An arrangement of non-moving object that are subject matter fo a work of art.
A technique that uses patterns of dots to create values and value gradation.
Lines that hold a design together.
The constructive elements of a work of art; the foundation of a composition.
Things represented in a work of art.
The organization of the parts of a composition such that each side of a vertical axis mirror the other.
A quality perceived through the sense of touch.
Colors created by mixing primary and secondary colors.
An artwork's actual or implied surface quality; such as rough, smooth, or soft
Small, quick sketches that record ideas and information for a final work of art.
A lighter value of a hue, created by adding white to the original hue.
A less intense value of a hue created by adding gray to the original hue.
A combination of three equally-spaced hues on the color wheel. Examples are red, yellow, and blue, or blue-green, red-violet, and, yellow-orange.
Two Point Perspective
A way to show three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface, using two widely-set vanishing points and two sets of converging lines to represent forms.
The sense of oneness or wholeness in a work of art.
An element of design that refers to the lightness or darkness of grays and colors.
Dark and light values placed close together. Black in proximity to white creates the greatest value.
The gradual change from dark to light areas. It creates the illusion of three dimensions on a flat surface.
The range from white through gray to black, modified gradually.
In a composition featuring linear perspective, that spot on the horizon toward which parallel lines appear to converge and at which they seem to disappear.
The use of many different elements in a composition.
A device that works as a window through which subject matter is pictured. It gives the artist an idea of proportion, layout, and is excellent for cropping.
The results of pattern combined with implied movement. Elements or motifs are combined to create a series of regular pauses
The hues that range from yellow to red-violet on the olor wheel