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Terms in this set (46)
What is the first step of the system development life cycle (SDLC)?
Problem and Opportunity Identification
A popular programming language which is known for having a large number of free libraries is ________.
________ is the process of translating a task into a series of commands that a computer will use to perform the task.
Which of the following is the final stage of the program development life cycle (PDLC)?
Testing and Documentation
The set of specific, sequential steps that describe exactly what a computer program must do to complete the work is called a(n) ________.
Which of the following provides a visual representation of the patterns of an algorithm?
Which refers to a text-based approach to documenting an algorithm?
The keywords used in programming languages that use decisions to redirect the flow of a program are called ________.
A loop decision point for an algorithm consists of three features: an initial value, a set of actions to be performed, and a(n) ________.
Which is NOT a key factor a programmer uses in selecting the language for a project?
number of inputs required
________ breaks down a problem into a series of high-level tasks and continues to break each task into successively more detailed subtasks.
Object-oriented ________ are defined by the information (data) and the actions (methods) associated with them.
In object-oriented programming, ________ allows a new class to automatically use all the data and methods of an existing class.
An example of a first-generation language is ________.
The capability of moving a completed programming solution easily from one type of computer to another is known as ________.
SQL is an example of a ________ category programming language.
Which statement does NOT describe fifth-generation languages?
They use a set of short, English-based commands (such as ADD) that speak directly to the CPU.
Translating an algorithm into a programming language is called ________.
The process that converts program code into machine language is called ________.
________ is the set of instructions that programmers have written in a higher-level language.
An integrated development environment (IDE) is a ________.
collection of tools that helps programmers write and test their programs
Division by zero is a ________ error that is caught when the program executes.
Before its final commercial release, a(n) ________ version of software may be offered to certain test sites or to interested users free or at a reduced cost.
________ is a programming language that can be used to create a wide range of Windows applications.
Which language is the most popular language for writing Apple macOS applications?
A small Java-based program is called a ________.
Special symbols called tags are used in which of the following languages?
Which of the following would NOT be used to build websites with interactive capabilities?
________ enables users to define their own data-based tags and facilitates the exchange of information between websites.
Corona and App Inventor can be used to develop ________.
apps for mobile devices
A Windows application which demands a lot of raw processing power to execute repetitive complex calculations is a good candidate for the object-oriented programming language C/C++.
Programming is necessary when the software needed to accomplish a task is not available.
The program specification is a clear statement of the goals and objectives of the project.
During the program debugging stage, the people who will use the program test the software.
Data is the raw input that users have at the start of the job.
The standard set of vocabulary for pseudocode is specific and detailed.
Eventually all programming languages will merge into one universal language.
A data-flow diagram provides a visual representation of an algorithm.
Bottom-up design is a systematic approach in which a problem is broken into a series of high-level tasks.
When programmers need to create several different examples of a class, each is known as an object.
Inheritance means that the data and methods of an existing class can be extended and customized to fit a new class.
Prolog is an example of a fourth-generation programming language.
Second-generation languages are also known as assembly languages.
A compiler translates the source code into an intermediate form of code, line by line.
One IDE can often be configured to support many different languages.
Syntax errors are caught only when a program executes.