14 terms

Government Descriptions

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federal
power is divided between one central and regional authority
parliamentary democracy
executive power comes from the cabinet of the legislature
unitary
power held by one authority
confederation
independent states that only delegate a few powers to the central authority
absolute/totalitarian
a form of autocracy in which a single leader is glorified and controls all aspects of citizens' life
theocracy
a religious form of government where a deity is recognized as the supreme ruler
presidential democracy
where the president and executive branch functions separately from the legislature
absolute monarchy
when a king or queen exercises supreme powers of government; usually inherited power
oligarchy
government by a few, usually for corrupt purposes; the group gets its power from military force, sometimes violently
autocratic
one person possesses unilimited power; citizen has little involvement in government
dictatorship
form of government in which a ruler or small clique wield absolute power (not restricted by a constitution or laws)
communist
the state plans and controls the economy and government; believes in the elimination of private ownership, but makes claims to an equal (classless) society
constitutional monarchy
a king/queen is head of state, but powers are restricted by law (usually in a parliamentary system)
democracy
political and governmental power is held by the citizens of the country who elect their leaders