Psych 8

When an organism responds to a new stimulus that is similar to the original conditioned stimulus
Positive Reinforcement
Rewarding consequences that follow a behavior
The conditioned response lessens in strength when the unconditioned stimulus stops being presented
Fixed-Ratio Schedule
Reinforcement that depends on a specified quantity of responses
Variable-Ratio Schedule
The number of responses needed for reinforcement changes
The process of reinforcement used to sculpt new responses from old ones
Unconditioned Stimulus
An event that leads to a certain, predictable response
Conditioned Stimulus
An event that, after training, leads to a learned response
Conditioned Response
A learned response
Classical Conditioning
Conditioning that results when a person's old response becomes attached to a new stimulus
Operant Conditioning
Learning from the consequence of behavior
Cognitive Learning
The mental processes involved in learning
Aversive Control
Conditioning that results from unpleasant consequences
Behavior Modification
Systematic application of learning principles to change people's actions and feelings
Avoidance Conditioning
Conditioning in which a person's behavior prevents an unpleasant situation from occuring
Cognitive Map
A mental picture learned from repeated experience and exploration
Learning resulting from observation and imitation
Escape Conditioning
Conditioning that causes an unpleasant event to stop