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66 terms

GEO 133 Exam 1 Chapters: Intro-5

STUDY
PLAY
The downtown of an American city, which is usually characterized by a square-grid layout, is called the:
Central business district
Geography is concerned with providing a spatial perspective on the world.
True
Which country is not located within one of the world's three largest population clusters:
United States
Water covers about _____ percent of the Earth's surface
70%
The most widely distributed language family does not include:
Mandarin
Which water body is surrounded by a geologically-active Ring of Fire:
Pacific ocean
The area that surrounds and is served by a city is known as its:
hinterland
The gradual reduction of regional contrasts resulting from increasing cultural, economic, political and other types of exchanges is known as:
Globalization
This population cluster lies centered on China and includes the Pacific-facing Asian coastal zone from the Korean Peninsula to Vietnam.
East Asia
The large cluster of population in the northeastern United States is known as:
Megalopolis
All regions possess all of the following except:
homogeneity
The Mediterranean island contested by both Greece and Turkey is:
Cyprus
_________ has gradually lost adherents since secularization gathered momentum in the late 1960s, especially in western Europe.
Christianity
The country located on the Jutland Peninsula and the smallest state (in area) in Norden is:
Denmark
From the end of World War II until 1990, Eastern Europe was dominated by the:
Soviet Union
Although the Po Plain has great agricultural advantages, what marks this lowland today is the greatest development of manufacturing in Mediterranean Europe.
True
Spain and the United Kingdom are in dispute over which piece of territory:
Gibraltar
The major river in western Germany, which enters the North Sea through the Netherlands and which passes through the Ruhr is the:
Rhine
Which of the following is not a state created by the breakup of former Yugoslavia?
Slovakia
_______ has been pulling through the global recession better than any other country in the realm.
Germany
A country's leading urban center that is disproportionately large and exceptionally expressive of national feelings, such as Paris is to France, is known as the country's:
Primate City
The capital and primate city of Greece is:
Athens
Persistently frozen ground is known as:
Permafrost
Czarina Catherine the Great's territorial acquisition thrust was aimed at:
the warm-water Black Sea
St. Petersburg:
was named Leningrad during Soviet times
__________ was responsible for consolidating Russia's gains in the early 1700s and in making a European-style state out of the loosely knit country.
Peter the Great
The Soviet planners called their system a ____________.
Federation
The coniferous forest vegetation on the equatorward side of the tundra is known as:
taiga
Russia's core area:
incorporates the Central Industrial Region, at the heart of which lies the city of Moscow
The USSR collapsed on Christmas Day in the year ___________.
1991
The mountain chain in west-central Russia that is sometimes regarded as the "boundary" between Europe and Asia is known as the:
Urals
Most of the population of Russia is found in the:
western part of the country
The major mountain range located in the land corridor between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea is the:
Caucasus
The Great Lakes' main outlet to the sea is the:
St. Lawrence river
Canada's primate city is:
Canada doesn't have one
Technological breakthroughs now allow for the major exploitation of which of the following Albertan resources?
tar sands
Much of the economic growth of Texas is based on which commodity?
Oil
The Continental Core region of the United States is also known as the:
American Manufacturing Belt
The North Slope of Alaska contains large quantities of:
Oil
Most of the development in the Pacific Hinge region occurred:
After WWII
The Core Region metropolis that has gained the most from post industrialization is:
Washington D.C.
The transformation of raw materials into finished products is associated with the ____________ sector of a nation's economy.
secondary
Miami is the "Gateway to Latin America."
True
__________ is the second most populous US state.
Texas
A small strip of land connecting two larger bodies of land is called an isthmus.
True
The current population of Mexico is (aproximately) ________ million.
111
Which of the following countries is located within the culture hearth known as Mesoamerica?
Guatemala
Middle America's largest country today in terms of both area and population is:
Mexico
Which of the following countries was formerly known as British Honduras?
Belize
To which country did Panama belong before its 1903 United States-supported revolution achieved independence?
Colombia
Central America, as defined by geographers, is:
a region within Middle America lying between Mexico and Colombia
While other Central American countries were called banana republics, this country was a coffee republic:
El Salvador
Which of the following is located in the Greater Antilles?
Cuba
Mestizos are persons who are of mixed ____________ heritage.
European and Amerindian
A maquiladora is:
a foreign-owned factory in northern and southern Mexico and Central America that assembles duty-free goods
Which of the following cities is not the largest urban center in its country?
Rio de Janeiro
Argentina's dominant city is:
Buenos Aires
Which of the following countries does not contain a portion of the Amazon Basin?
Chile
The disamenity sector of the Latin American city model includes:
slum areas known as barrios or favelas
The major river of Venezuela's iron-rich eastern region is the:
Orinoco
Almost ____ percent of South Americans live in urban areas.
80%
Which of the following countries is landlocked?
Paraguay
Brazil attained independence from Portugal about 100 years after the rest of South America gained its independence from Spain.
False
In the Latin American city model, the elite residential sector contains the:
commercial/industrial spine
Chile's copper deposits are located closest to which of the following areas:
the Atacama Desert
The dominant economic activity in Venezuela's Lake Maracaibo Lowland is:
oil production