28 terms

Global 10 - Agricultural & Industrial Revolution

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Terms in this set (...)

revolution
a very great change from things in the past
social class
a grouping of people in a society, usually based on wealth, religion, ethnicity or other factors
population
the number of people in a particular area
rural
relating to the countryside
transportation
the process of being moved from one place to another
natural resources
materials that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain (to make $$) like forests, water, fertile land, oil or coal
labor
work, especially hard physical work
supply
the amount of something that is available
demand
a person's desire for something
agriculture
farming
agricultural
of or related to farming
urban
having to do with a city
urbanize
to make or become city-like usually through an increase in population
mechanical
related to machines
mechanize
to make a process more mechanical or automatic by introducing machines
manufacture
the process of making a large number of something
industry
activities related to turning raw material into manufactured goods
industrialize
to develop industry (the production of goods in factories)
economy
the wealth and resources of a country or region
economic
related to the use of a country or region's wealth and resources
AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION
CHANGE OF AGRICULTURE FROM TRADITIONAL MEDIEVAL FARMING TO MORE PRODUCTIVE, EFFICIENT AND MECHANICAL METHODS OF FARMING -(through scientific innovation and new techniques starting in the mid-1700s)
SEED DRILL
invented by JETHRO TULL - horse drawn machine to drill hole for three rows of seed at a time - plant the seed and cover them in dirt - all in one action
URBANIZATION
movement of people from rural areas to cities - (farm workers were losing jobs - they had to find work somewhere else, usually in a nearby town or city)
WHY DID THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION START IN BRITAIN?
- G.B. had excellent and close by natural resources - COAL FIELDS and IRON MINES
-G.B. IS SURROUNDED BY THE SEA AND HAD GOOD HARBOURS
-G.B. had big rivers to act as NATURAL CANALS
-G.B. is located between the NORTH & SOUTH of EUROPE
Seed Drill
Jethro Tull invented this horse drawn plow that would drill a hole, plant the seed and cover it in dirt in one motion
Dutch Four Crop Rotation System
planting vegetables called legumes (turnips) could replenish the field's nutrients as well as supply food for animals (farmers didn't have to leave fields fallow)
Enclosure Movement
the process of making common land into private land, owned by a farmer. Now peasants who once used the common land to farm and graze animals had to leave...
Agricultural Revolution
change from old way of farming to a new way!!

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