31 terms

Chapter 6 Test The American Revolution

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Terms in this set (...)

turning point
the point at which the tide of the war turns in favor of the side that was was losing. (In the American Revolution it was the Battle of Saratoga)
bayonet
long knife fastened to the end of the gun
guerrilla warfare
hit-and-run attacks used to throw the British Army of guard
strategy
a plan
mercenary
hired foreign soldiers
Hessians
German mercenaries hires by England to fight the war (the Continental Army captured them at the Battle of Trenton)
cavalry
soldiers on horseback
traitor
A person who betrays his or her country
ally
a friend in war (France was this with the U.S. after the Battle of Saratoga)
privateer
a privately owned ship that the government gives permission to attack the enemy
Horatio Gates
hero at Saratoga
Lord Cornwallis
British general that surrendered at Yorktown ending the war
Marquis de Lafayette
French nobleman who came to America and fought alongside our soldiers
George Washington
Leader of the Continental Army
Nathaniel Greene
a Quaker who went against his pacifist family and joined the Continental Army
Henry Knox
was in charge of the cannons and large guns for the Continental Army
Benedict Arnold
became a traitor after the Battle of Saratoga
General Burgoyne
British general who surrendered at Saratoga
John Paul Jones
naval captain who said, "I have not yet begun to fight."
Baron Friedrich von Steuben
German baron who came to train Continental soldiers at Valley Forge
Battle of Trenton
Continental Army crosses the Delaware River on Christmas to attack and capture the Hessians
Battle of Saratoga
France allied with America after we won this battle
Battle of Yorktown
final battle of the war
Battle of Flamborough Head
John Paul Jones was the captain of the Bonhomme Richard and defeated the British Serapis on the North Sea
Battle of Camden
along with Charleston, South Carolina- 2 worst defeats for the Continental Army throughout the war
knowledge of the land and help from foreign countries
2 advantages of the Continental Army
America is independent and our new western border is the Mississippi River
2 terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1783
to wait for supplies in New York
Why Cornwallis stationed his troops at Yorktown
America lost 2x as many men as British
Compare and contrast each side's casualties
the people would rule
What type of rule the U.S. would have after the war
it is the symbol for the hardships faced by the Continental Army
Importance of the winter at Valley Forge