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French Revolution Terms
Terms in this set (41)
the people of France we divided into three large social classes
the political and social system that existed before France before the French Revolution ; Same as Old Regime just in French
the political and social system that existed before France before the French Revolution ; Same as Anciens Regime just in English
Doctors, Lawyers, Business owners; part of the third estate, middle class
Government spending, in excess of revenue, of funds raised by borrowing rather than from taxation; Madam deficit
an assembly of representatives from all three of the estates, or social classes, in class
a French congress established by representatives of the Third Estate on June 17, 1789, to enact laws and reforms in the name of French people
Tennis Court Oath
a pledge made by the members of France's National Assembly in 1789, in which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution
A French state prison and a place of detention for important persons charged with various offenses. The Bastille, stormed by an armed mob of Parisians in the opening days of the French Revolution, was a symbol of the despotism of the ruling Bourbon monarchy and held an important place in the ideology of the Revolution.
a person who leaves his native country for political reasons, like the nobles and others who fled France during the peasant uprisings of the French Revolution
in the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisian wage-earners and small shoekeepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end to food shortages
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Under the ancien régime, France had a great number of flags, and many of its military and naval flags were elaborate and subject to artistic variations.
Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen
One of the basic charters of human liberties, containing the principles that inspired the French Revolution. Its 17 articles, adopted between August 20 and August 26, 1789, by France's National Assembly.
Flag of France after the Revolution
Constitution of 1791
French constitution created by the National Assembly during the French Revolution. It retained the monarchy, but sovereignty effectively resided in the Legislative Assembly, which was elected by a system of indirect voting.
Declaration of Pillnitz
The French government, now acting without the king, interpreted this declaration as a threat to its sovereignty and responded with a series of provocations—answered in kind by Austria and Prussia—that led to a French declaration of war on Austria in April 1792.
The most famous political group of the French Revolution, which became identified with extreme egalitarianism and violence and which led the Revolutionary government from mid-1793 to mid-1794.
a French congress with the power to create laws and approve declarations of war, established by the constitution of 1791
a system of governing in which the ruler's power is limited by law
Mass killing of prisoners that took place in Paris from September 2 to September 6 in 1792—a major event of what is sometimes called the "First Terror" of the French Revolution.
Born Aug. 23, 1754, Versailles, France—died Jan. 21, 1793, Paris, the last king of France (1774-92) in the line of Bourbon monarchs preceding the French Revolution of 1789. The monarchy was abolished on Sept. 21, 1792; later Louis and his queen consort, Marie-Antoinette, were guillotined on charges of counterrevolution.
Born November 2, 1755, Vienna, Austria—died October 16, 1793, Paris, France, Austrian queen consort of King Louis XVI of France (1774-93). Her name is associated with the decline in the moral authority of the French monarchy in the closing years of the ancien régime, though her courtly extravagance was but a minor cause of the financial disorders of the French state in that period. Her rejection of reform provoked unrest, and her policy of court resistance to the progress of the French Revolution.
the right to vote
Committee of Public Safety
Political body of the French Revolution that gained virtual dictatorial control over France during the Reign of Terror (September 1793 to July 1794).
Born May 6, 1758, Arras, France—died July 28, 1794, Paris, radical Jacobin leader and one of the principal figures in the French Revolution. In the latter months of 1793 he came to dominate the Committee of Public Safety, the principal organ of the Revolutionary government during the Reign of Terror, but in 1794 he was overthrown and executed in the Thermidorian Reaction.
Reign of Terror
the period, from mid-1793 to mid 1794, when Maxamillen Robespierre ruled France nearly as a dictator and thousands of political leaders and ordinary citizens were exicuted
The French Revolutionary government set up by the Constitution of the Year III, which lasted four years, from November 1795 to November 1799.
the belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation-that is, to the people with whom they share a culture and history-rather than to a king or empire
French national anthem, composed in one night during the French Revolution (April 24, 1792) by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle, a captain of the engineers and amateur musician.
Olympe de Gouges
French social reformer and writer who challenged conventional views on a number of matters, especially the role of women as citizens.
French general, first consul (1799-1804), and emperor of the French (1804-1814/15), one of the most celebrated personages in the history of the West. He revolutionized military organization and training; sponsored the Napoleonic Code, the prototype of later civil-law codes; reorganized education; and established the long-lived Concordat with the papacy.
Territorial collectivity of France and island in the Mediterranean Sea embracing (from 1976) the départements of Haute-Corse and Corse-du-Sud. Corsica is the fourth largest island (after Sicily, Sardinia, and Cyprus) in the Mediterranean. It lies 105 miles (170 km) from southern France and 56 miles (90 km) from northwestern Italy,
a direct vote in which a country's people have the oppotunity to approve or reject a proposal
Napoleon I, French in full Napoléon Bonaparte, original Italian Napoleone Buonaparte, byname the Corsican or the Little Corporal, French byname Le Corse or Le Petit Caporal (born August 15, 1769, Ajaccio, Corsica—died May 5, 1821, St. Helena Island)
Napoleon's policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and continental Europe, intended to destroy Great Britain's econminy
The renouncing of office and of power before the end of the term for which it was assumed.
a comprehensive and uniform system of laws establised for France by Napoleon
Napoleon's final defeat, ending 23 years of recurrent warfare between France and the other powers of Europe. It was fought during the Hundred Days of Napoleon's restoration
Congress of Vienna
a series of meetings in 1814-1815, during which the European leaders sought to establish long-lasting peace and security after the defeat of Napoleon
Balance of Power
a political situation in which no one nation is powerful enough to pose a threat to others
Austrian statesman, minister of foreign affairs (1809-48), and a champion of conservatism, who helped form the victorious alliance against Napoleon I and who restored Austria as a leading European power, hosting the Congress of Vienna in 1814-15.
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