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Terms in this set (44)
Why would a fort at Hormuz help the Portuguese to stop trade between Arabia and India?
If India traded with a Fort in Hormuz they wouldnt have to leave the land and cross the ocean if they didnt want to. Hormuz is closer than the Arabian Peninsula than India. Arabia would cut hundreds of miles of trade routes and they would only need to cross the Gulf of Peru to reach the post.
Where was the Dutch influence the greatest?
Dutch influence was the greatest in the East Indies in the countries like Sumatra, Malaya, Timur, Part of New Guine, Java, and Borneo
According to the map, what lands were included in the viceroyalty of New Spain in 1700?
The West Indies, Central America, the Southeast of North America, and the Western Coast of Southern America were part of the viceroyalty of New Spain
On which coast of the Americans would enslaved persons from Africa have arrived?
Enslaved persons from Africa would arrive on the East Coast of the Americas
What two major Native American empires did the Spanish conquer in the sixteenth century?
The Spanish conquered the Aztecs and Inca empires in the sixteenth century
How many different voyages did Columbus make to the Americas?
Columbus made 5 voyages to the Americas
Which general region did the Spanish and the Portuguese explore?
The Spanish and Portuguese explored mostly Central America and South America
Generally, where did the English, Dutch, and French explore?
The English, Dutch, and French explored North America
Is it correct to say that the European explores "discovered" North and South America or the East Indies? Explain.
They discovered them for their countries, but there were Native American tribes already in the area. They found North and South America/ the East Indies, but they did not discover them.
Which nation claimed the largest area of the present-day United States in 1754?
The French claimed the largest part of the present-day United States in 1754
How did the Britain's North American Empire change after 1763?
Britain took almost all of the French's territory after 1763
What items were transported to Africa and traded for captured Africans?
Rum, Manufacturers, Guns, and Tobacco were transported to Africa and traded for Africans
According to the graph, which region of the Americans imported the most Africans? The second most?
Central America imported the most Africans followed by North America
What were some beneficial aspects of the Colombian Exchange?
The Americans traded many exclusive items like pineapples, tobacco, corn, and avocados to Europe, Africa, and Asia. In return the Americas got fruits(grapes, bananas)and coffee beans, and livestock(cattle/pigs/bees/sheep)
What were some harmful aspects of the Colombian Exchange?
Some harmful aspects of the Columbian exchange were diseases like Typhus, Smallpox, Malaria, Measles, and Diptheria
List two reasons Europeans began to explore overseas in the 1400s
To find a sea route to the spices of Asia, and to find gold, silver, and precious stones, and to spread Christianity
List two technological changes that made exploration possible?
A new kind of ship(Caravel) with triangular shaped sails, and a magnetic compass
What was the Treaty of Tordesillas?
Was signed June 7, 1449 and authenticated in Portugal. An agreement between Spain and Portugal aimed at settling conflicts over lands newly discovered or explored by Christopher Columbus and other 15th century voyagers
What nation led the exploration movement? What four other European nations followed in exploration?
The nation that led the exploration movement was Portugal, the leading four nations being England, Dutch, France and Spain
What single factor was devastating for the native people of the Americas and what effect did it have?
The people of the Americas were interested in the Native American land and because of what they fought for and the land for farming and settling were erupted between english and Native American, in which caused death
How did settlement patterns in the Spanish colonies lead to a mixing of Spanish and Native cultures?
The pattern of living among who they conquered was that when Spanish married Native their culture was mixed due to the reproduction of both cultures
Why did the French and Dutch have better relations with the Native peoples than the English?
The French and Dutch have a better relationship with the Natives than the English, because the French and Dutch worked closely with the fur trade, and the English were more forceful and took land from the Natives
What was exchanged in the Columbian Exchange?
Corn, potatoes, bananas, black eyed peas, yams, and farm animals were exchanged, along with the illness moved to the Americas, from Asia and Africa
A person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry.
A system in which goods and slaves were traded among the Americas, Britain, and Africa
the sea journey undertaken by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies.
An economic system based on private ownership of capital
belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.
a company in which investors buy stock in return for a share of its future profits
Atlantic Slave Trade
the buying, transporting, and selling of Africans for work in the Americas
Area of the Americas explored and claimed by France
The first permanent English settlement in North America, found in East Virginia
English Puritans who founded Plymouth colony in 1620
A group of people who sought freedom from religious persecution in England by founding a colony at Massachusetts Bay in the early 1600
the dutch called this land claimed by Henry Hudson in New York this name
French and Indian War
a war in North America between France and Britain (both aided by indian tribes)
Metacom (King Philip)
Indian who united the tribes and defeated 52 Puritan towns
He mistakenly discovered the Americas in 1492 while searching for a faster route to India.
A land controlled by another nation
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
A Spanish conqueror of the Americas
Inca leader who was captured by the Spanish
the system in which conquistadors had forced natives to do work for them
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