Spring Final for US History

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Terms in this set (...)

Luftwaffe
German airforce
Non Aggression Pact
Pact Between Germans and the Soviets
Lend Lease Act
U.S. policy before the U.S. enters W.W. II in December, 1941 in which the U.S. provided war materials to the Allies fighting the Axis powers. Shows that in the period 1939-1941 the U.S. was moving away from its policy of neutrality.
Operation Torch
Codename for allied invasion of North Africa from Novermber 1942 to September 1943
Battle of the Buldge
german forces launched a final counter attack in the west
Battle of Britian
1940-41- Series of bombing raids launched against British cities by the German air force
Executive Order 9066
A presidential executive order issued during WW2 by FDR that sent Japanese ethnic groups to internment camps.It was issued because of the fear for the country's safety and also Japanese-American's safety.
George Patton
Allied Commander of the Third Army. Was instrumental in winning the Battle of the Bulge. Considered one of the best military commanders in American history. American general known for his great ability in tank warfare
Chester Nimitz
United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy (1885-1966)
Omar Bradley
American general who led the ground forces at D Day
Douglas MacArthur
American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.
Battle of Midway
Turning point of war in the Pacific
Battle of Coral Sea
Australia and the US fighting the Japanese
Battle of Iwo Jima
First all a, battle is immortalized by picture of 3 Marines raising a flag on Mt. Suribachi; victory for the Allies over Japan
Battle of Okinawa
First Japanese Home island to be invaded. Island of immense strategic value. Involving over 500,000 troops and over 1,200 ships. Battle showed Japanese determination to resist invasion.
Battle of Guadalcanal
(1942-1943) World War II battle in the Pacific; it represented the first Allied counter-attack against Japanese forces; Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island.
Desert Fox
Axis General Erwin Rommel earned the nickname for his shrewd tactics, won several battles
Marshall Plan
aide for Europe
Truman Doctrine
aide for Turkey and Greece
Eisenhower Doctrine
aide for the middle east
38th parallel
Line of latitude that separated North and South Korea
urban renewal
the clearing and rebuilding and redevelopment of urban slums
George Wallace
racist gov. of Alabama in 1962 ("segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever"); runs for pres. In 1968 on American Independent Party ticket of racism and law and order
Orval Fabus
governor of Arkansas who tried to prohibit African American students from integrating Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas
Bobby Seale
(with Huey Newton) begin the Black Panther Party
-demanded the government rebuild ghettos
- "black is beautiful" 1960's. different because didnt believe in nonviolence, change from usual civil rights method.
James Farmer
Civil rights leader who founded the Congress of Racial Equality
Civil rights act of 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
Ngo Dien Diem
"Puppet" Leader of South Vietnam
Henry Kissenger
Secretary of State under Nixon - designed plan for U.S. pullout of Vietnam
General William Westmorland
General who commanded American military operations in the Vietnam War at its peak from 1964 to 1968 and who served as US Army Chief of Staff from 1968 to 1972.
Robert McNamara
was the secretary of defense under Kennedy. He helped develop the flexible response policy. He was against the war in Vietnam and was removed from office because of this.
Iran Contra Scandal
Reagan's administration sent money to the Contra's in Nicaragua with the money he got for selling arms to Iran
Betty Friedan
United States feminist who founded a national organization for women
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Desert Storm was the code name given to the first U.S.-led war against Iraq in the Persian Gulf on January 17, 1991.