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this term, from Marxism, suggests that under Capitalism we live estranged from out true human natures
a story of some complexity that corresponds to another situation on a deeper level. Animal Farm is about a community of animals, but reflects the Russian Revolution and satirises Communism. The dual perspective, the link between animal story and political story gives it its interest and wit
repetition of an identical consonant sound at the beginning of stressed words, usually close together.
a reference to an event, person, place, work of literature etc. that gives addtional layers of meaning to a text or enlarges its frame of reference.
where the writers attitude to, for example, a charcter or event is not clear cut, but may seem to hold at least two responses
german term for a novel focusing on the development of a character from youth to maturity
unrhymed poetry not broken into stanzas, keeping to a strict pattern in each line, usually in iambic pentameter
a break or pause within a line of poetry by comma or full stop or unmarked pause, used for emphasis, or to change direction or pace
an exagerrated representation of a character often by emphasizing a small number of features, usually for comic and satiric purposes
exposing and ridiculing of human follies in a society, sometimes with the aim to reform, sometimes to deflate
a technique of narration that mirrors oral narration with its hesitations, corrections, gramatical mistakes, interactions...
a speech by a character alone on stage, thinking aloud, revealing thoughts and emotions, or communicating directly with the audience
necessary concept to know and use, but tricky to define and discuss. the distinctive traits in an author's work, the "how" of writing
objects that represent or evoke an idea or concept of wider, abstract significance, as roses represent love
the grammatical structure of words in a sentence. the normal order of words can be slightly displaced to create a particular effect, without losing the sense
the technique of writing to convey the attitude of the writer towards his/her subject. created through aspects of language
the reverse of iambic as in:"Mary had a little lamb". It may be used as a contrast within an iambic line, to stress an idea
everyday speech and language as opposed to a literary or formal register. the inclusin of the odd____ word or phrase in an otherwise formal work can be striking
the technique of maknig the familiar seem new and strange, and thus making us see more vividly
literally, from the french, "unknotting." How the ending of a novel or play turns out, how the plot is unravelled or revealed
a very powerful tool especiall in drama, used for tragic or comic purposes..the character is unaware of something
end stopped line
a lone of poetry where the meaning pauses or stops at the end of the line.. a pause for reflection
the opposite of the above..the sense flows over from one line to another, perhaps even to the next stanze
a reader can go acceptingly along with assumptions and values in a text or "go against teh grain", questioning it
the organization of lines of verse into regular patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables to achieve a rhythmic effect
describes an interesting and common effect: the use of words that suggest movement, shape, size, texture
seemingly contradictory statement, but on reflection it makes sense, contains its own resolution to truth
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