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Chapters 5 and Six Ed Psych
Terms in this set (62)
refers to the behavior patterns, beliefs, and all other products of a particular group of people that are passed on from generation to generation.
Provide information about the degree to which people are similar
Elucidate behaviors specific to certain cultures
Gives priority to personal goals Values feeling good and personal distinction Fosters independence
Values group; personal goals are subordinated Encourages interdependence of group members Supports harmonious relationships
Socioeconomic status (SES)
The grouping of people according to their economic, educational, and occupational characteristics.
refers to a shared pattern of characteristics such as cultural heritage, nationality, race, religion, and language
An unjustified negative attitude toward an individual because of his/her membership in a group.
One of the core values in multicultural education.
refers to activities teachers can implement in the classroom to eliminate negative and stereotypical views of others
modifications to the teaching process to incorporate materials and learning strategies appropriate to boys and girls and for various ethic groups.
Students are taught to systematically examine issues that involve equity and social justice. Students clarify their values and examine alternatives and consequences for their issue stance. Is closely related to moral education.
Sociocultural dimensions of being female or male.
Social expectations that prescribe how males and females should think, act, and feel.
Process by which children acquire culturally appropriate thoughts, feelings, and behaviors
Gender Schema Theory
Most widely accepted cognitive theory of gender. Gender-typing emerges as children gradually develop gender schemas about what is gender-appropriate and what is gender-inappropriate in their culture. Children are internally motivated to perceive the world and act in accordance with their developed schema.
is the presence of positive masculine and feminine characteristics in the same person.
gender expert, argues androgynous individuals are more flexible, competent, and mentally healthy than masculine or feminine individuals.
Quid Pro Quo
School employee threatens to base an education decision (grades) on a student's submission to unwelcome sexual conduct.
A student is subjected to unwelcome sexual conduct that is so severe, persistent, and pervasive that it limits the student's ability to benefit from his or her education.
a form of power and dominance of one person over another that can result in harmful consequences for the victim.
English as a Second Language
A widely used term for billingual education programs and classes that teach English to students whose native language is not English
Education that values diversity and includes the perspectives of a variety of cultural groups on a regular basis
Providing people with intellectual and coping skills to succeed and make this a more just world
A classroom in which students from different backgrounds cooperate by doing different parts of a project to reach a common goal
The sense of being male or female, which most children acquire by the time they are three years old
Broad categories that reflect impressions and beliefs about what behavior is appropriate for females and males
the language of conversation and a way of establishing connections and negotiating relationships; more characteristic of females than males
Talk that gives information; more characteristic of males than females
involves a limitation on a person's functioning that restricts the individual's abilities.
is an impediment to the learning and functioning of a person who has a disability which is imposed on that person
Difficulty with phonological skills and comprehension
Severe reading and spelling learning disability
Write slowly and illegibly Numerous spelling errors
Difficulty in math computation Often have cognitive and neuropsychological deficits
A disability in which children consistently show one or more of the following characteristics over a period of time (1) inattention (2) hyperactivity (3) impulisitity
A condition with an onset before age 18 that involves low intelligence (usually below 70 on a traditional individusually adminstered intelligence test) and difficulty in adapting to everyday life
A genetically transmitted form of mental retardation due to an extra (47th chromosome)
Restrictions of movement because of muscle, joint, or bone problems (i.e., cerebral palsy).
Nervous disorders characterized by recurring sensorimotor attacks or movement convulsions.
Acuity between 20/70 and 20/200 with corrective lens
Cannot use their vision in learning Must use hearing and touch to learn
Lip reading and speech reading (reliance on visual cues
Sign language Finger spelling
Speech and Language Disorders
A number of speech problems and language problems
Pronouncing words incorrectly
Hoarse, harsh, too loud/soft, pitch
Prolongation Spasmodic hesitation Repetition
Difficulty phrasing questions Difficulty following oral directions
Difficulty following conversations Difficulty understanding and using words correctly in sentences
Onset within first three years of life Deficiencies in social relationships
Communication abnormalities Restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped behavior patterns
the reception and understanding of language
the ability to use language to express one's thoughts and communicate with others
specific language impairment
involves problems in language development that are not accompanied by other obvious physical, sensory, or emotional problems; in some cases, the disorder is called developmental language disorder.
Relatively good verbal language; milder nonverbal language problems
Restricted range of interests and relationships Engage in obsessive repetitive routines and preoccupations
autism spectrum disorders
Disorders marked by impaired social cognition, social skills, and social interaction, presumably due to a brain abnormality; extreme forms often associated with significant cognitive and linguistic delays and highly unusual behaviors.
Emotional and Behavior Disorders
Serious, persistent problems that involve relationships, aggression, depression, and fears associated with school and personal matters.
Aggressive, Out-of-Control Behavior
Have serious emotional disturbance Engage in aggressive, defiant, dangerous acts Incidence greater in boys than girls Occurs more in low-SES students
Feelings of worthlessness Feelings of hopelessness Behaving lethargically for a prolonged period Poor appetite Sleep problems
involves a vague, highly unpleasant feeling of fear and apprehension.
If intense and prolonged, it substantially impairs school performance
Refer students to school counselor Behavioral therapies have been effective
Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA)
A federal statute made up of several grant programs to states in educating students with disabilities. The IDEA specifically lists types of disabilities and conditions that render a child entitled to special education.
Individualized education plan (IEP)
A written statement that spells out a program specifically tailored for the student with a disability
Least restrictive environment" (LRE)
A setting that is similar as possible to the one in which children who do not have a disability are educated
Education children with special education needs full-time in the regular classroom
children who are gifted
children with above average intelligence (usually defined as an IQ of 130 or higher) and/ or superior talent in some domain such as art, music, or math
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