25 terms

Chapter 4 key terms and people

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a group of people who have power to make laws.
Legislature
a list of freedoms that a government promises to protect.
Bill of rights
the principle that a person cannot be held in prison without being charged of a specific crime.
Habeas corpus
the right of a journalist to publish the truth without restriction or penalty.
Freedom of the press
the publishing of statements that damage a person's reputation
libel
Extended family Groups that include parents, children and other family members, such as grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins.
Extended family
someone who learns a trade by working for a person in that trade for a certain period of time.
Apprentice
_____________was the upper class of society who were wealthy planters, merchants, royal officials, and successful lawyers.
Gentry
Middle class The middle class was made up of small planters, independent farmers, and artisans - They could vote and few held office - most were white, but there were some of African descent.
Middle class
Indentured servants signed a contract to work form 4 to 10 years in the colonies for anyone who would pay for his or her ocean passage to the Americas.
Indentured servant
it was a three way trade between the colonies, the islands of the Caribbean, and Africa.
Triangular trade
is the belief that one race is superior or inferior to another.
Racism
strict laws that restricted the rights and activities of slaves.
Slave code
it was a three-way trade between the colonies, the islands of the Caribbean, and Africa.
Triangular trade
is the belief that one race is superior or inferior to another.
Racism
strict laws that restricted the rights and activities of slaves.
Slave code
supported by taxes.
Public school
they were opened by women to teach boys and girls how to read.
Dame school
She was America's first published poet. Her poem was published after her death in 1650 (published) Her poems described the hardships of life in Puritan New England.
Anne Bradstreet
she was an enslaved African in Boston whose first poem was published in the 1760s when she was 14. (she wrote in an academic style that was popular in Europe.
Phillis Wheatley
he started the Pennsylvania Gazette when he was 17. His most popular work was Poor Richard's Almanack. He was also a scientist, businessman, inventor and a diplomat who became one of the founders of the US.
Benjamin Franklin
He was a Massachusetts preacher who called people to commit to God.
Jonathan Edwards
rights that belong to every human from birth and cannot be taken away.
Natural rights
The idea that the monarchs were power granted by God.
Divine right
division of power of government into separate branches, to suggested dividing a government into three branches: Legislative to make laws, Executive branch to enforce laws, and Judicial branch to make judgements based on laws.
Separation of powers