Foundations of Music Ch. 1 & 2 Vocab
Terms in this set (31)
A succession of single pitches. The line or tune in music.
determined by the following:
- Shape or Contour
- Describe pitch or pitch movement
how the melody moves up and down.
A span of pitches.
The distance between any two pitches
Movement in small, connected intervals
Movement by leaps
Units that make up a melody and end with a cadence.
A secondary melody
The number of vibrations per second (determines pitch).
(or timbre) Distinguishes voices from instruments.
The highest point of a melodic line.
The highness or lowness of a tone (measured in frequency).
The resting point at the end of a phrase
Incomplete: Cannot end (more of a pause)
Complete: Can end
A short, distinctive pattern of pitches.
A distinctive pattern of pitch and silence lengths
Organizes beats into groups in music (divides into bars or measures)
A regular pulse dividing music into equal units of time.
The strong beat
The weak beat preceding the first downbeat of a phrase
Divides into multiples of 2
Divides into multiples of 3
An accented weak beat
A deliberate upsetting of a normal accent pattern
Has a weak pulse with a flowing rhythm
Occurs when the number of beats per measure change/shift (i.e. 4/4 to 3/4 to 2/4 to 4/4)
Is the irregular manner of grouping beats within a measure (I.e. rather than 8th notes in 4/4 being divided into standard 2+2+2+2, they might be grouped as 3+3+2 or 3+2+3)