Foundations of Music Ch. 7 Vocab

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Tone Color
The quality of a sound that distinguishes it from another sound.
Timbre
or tone color
- what instrument
- how is it played
- what register
Aerophone
voice, brass, woodwinds
Chordophone
string instruments
Idiophone
percussion (marimbas, xylophones, etc.)
Membranophone
percussion (Drums)
A cappella
vocal music without accompaniment
Pizzicato
plucked string (guitar, harp)
Mute
device to muffle sound
- often darkens sound
Vibrato
expressive pitch fluctuation
Tremolo
rapid pitch repetition
Double-stop
2 strings being played simultaneously
Harmonics
Pure component of a tone (crystalline sound)
No Reed
Flute/piccolo (woodwind)
Single Reed
Saxophone, Clarinet (woodwind)
Double Reed
Oboe, English Horn, Bassoon (woodwind)
Uses Valves
Trumpet, French Horn, Tuba (Brass)
Uses Slides
Trombone (Brass)
Pitched Percussion
Marimba, Timpani, Chimes
Unpitched Percussion
Triangle, Snare drum
Orchestra
uses 4 instrument families, 2/3rd's of which is strings, has a conductor, more than 1 person per part
Band
uses 3 instrument families, no strings, has a conductor, more than 1 person per part
Chamber Ensemble
size of 2-12 people, no conductor, 1 person per part
Essential trait: intimacy
ex. String Quartet