hair and females's mammary glands to nourish young
what are the two main characteristics that distinguish mammals form other animals
this is something an animal has that reveals its diet; looks at the types of teeth, number, arrangement, etc.
cat's dentition pattern
what does the sharp and point incisors and canines from front and premolars in rear indicate in a cat?
occurs when the forearm rotates laterally so that the palm faces anteriorly, and the radius and ulna rae parallel
forearm rotates edially so tath the palm faces posteriosly. brings radius across ulna so that the 2 bones make an x
combination of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction. proxiamal end of limbs stationary, and its distal end movs in a circle.
lies as a narrow band across the top of the chest. it originates on sternum and instrets on ulna.
anterior portion lies beneath the pectoantebrachialis. arises also on sternum and insterst sopon huyemerus. helps to pull
lies most posterior to pec groups. originates on xiphoid process and inserts on humerus with pect major and latissimus dorsi.
covers ventral and lateral abdominal surfaces. originates from lumbodorsal fascia and inserts on aponeurosis along mid-ventral area. flexes vertebral column, rotates trunks and bends it laterally
second layer of abdominal muscles connecting with aponeurois sunder external oblique. flexes vertebral column and bends trunk
lies in mid ventral area and lies as 2 parallel muscles. extend from pubis to insert on upper ribs adn vertebra., lie between internal oblique 's aponeuros and tranverse abdominus. flexes vertebral column
mainly on dorsal surface, but can also be on lateral ventral sdide. flat, broad, triangular muscle covering lateral surfacee of body. gives humerus great power for pulling backwards when cat is running
pec minor largest in cats and they have 4 pec muscles while we have 2
what are 2 differences btwn cat and human in pectorals group
other muscle for chewing dorsal to masseter. originates on sides of skull and inserts on mandible
two bands of muscle tissue run along mid ventral line. orignaiates in sternumad insters on hyoid cartilage of neck
fibers of this mucle run transversely btwn digatric in mid ventral are. pass deep to digrastric and raises floor of mouth
most anterio muscle in shoulder, originates at clavicle, and inserts on ulna. continuation of clavtrapezius. works with it to extend humerus, turn head, and flex elbow
thin superficial muscle on medial surface of humerus. originates from ventral border of latissimus dorsi. inserts by thin aponeurosis on lower forelimb. acts with triceps brachii as extensor of elbow. not in human
anterior to lateral head of triceps. arises fof humerus and inserts on ulna, flexes elbow
most anteiror of these muscles, origina on humerus and insertion radis. rotatses it and supinates paw
extensor digitorum communis
long muscle whose tendon divides at wrist and attaches to digits, which it extends
flexor carpi ulnaris
origin is at hdistal humerus and inserts at carpals-flexes writs and adducts hand
adjacent to flexor carpi ulnaris, moves medially, flat muscle oriiginates on jumerus and inserts on phalanges.
posterior facial vein
arisis from region of internal maxillary. collects blood from masseter and temporal muscles
transverse jugular vein
short but prominent vein that crosses the midline and unites with external jugular vein.
occipies anterior half of thigh; flat and broad that inserts on tibia and fibula; adducts and rortates thigh adn extends it
covers anterior portion of lower hind leg; originates on tibia and insenrts by meands of tendon. extends and inverts foot
flexor digitorum longus
lies on medial aspect of lower hind leg next to tibia. arises from it and inserts on phalanges. flexes digits.
originates primarily from the ilium, last sacral and first caudal vertebrae to insert on the greater trochanter; abducts thigh
connects the latissimus dorsi to its origins on the thoracic, lumbar and sacral vertebrae, as well as the iliac crest
arises on the middorsal line of the neck and thorax and inserts on the metacromion and spine of the scapula) adducts the scapula
arises from the back of the skull and middorsal line of the neck and inserts on the clavicle. Its action is to extend the humerus in a forward direction.
arises from the spinous processes of thoracic vertebrae and inserts on the fascia covering the scapular muscles. Its action is to adduct the scapula and pull it posteriorly
It arises from the acromion process of the scapula and inserts on the spinodeltoid muscle.
lies posterior to the tensor fascia latae and fascia lata. It is a very broad and thick muscle which arises from the ischium and inserts from the patella to the middle of the shaft of the tibia by means of a wide aponeurosis.
posterior to the clavodeltoid. It arises from the acromion process of the scapula and inserts on the spinodeltoid muscle.