Strayer Chapter 10 Vocab & Big Picture Questions
Terms in this set (21)
Several kingdoms of Nubia Christian church thrived for 600 years.
This is significant because it largely disappeared due to the conversion to Islam.
Written texts created by Nestorian Christians in China.
This is significant because they used Buddhist & Daoist concepts to portray the Christian Message.
Conversion of rulers in Axum, the highlands in Ethiopia.
This is significant because it was more resilient than other early Christian churches due to its isolation which also caused for more distinctive traits of Christianity.
The surviving Eastern Roman Empire.
This is significant because they promoted more technology, scholars & more was promoted as well as maintaining Roman culture.
New capitol of the Byzantine Empire.
This is significant because it was economically important & helped assure the city's culture & strategic importance.
He was a Byzantine Emperor.
This is significant because he ran a short-lived conquest over the Mediterranean basin & enforced a codified Roman law.
Political & religious system where the leader is both the head political & religious figure.
This is significant because it allowed the emperor to be head of the state (Ceaser) & head of the church (Pope).
Eastern Orthodox Christianity
A branch of Christianity that developed in the Byzantine empire.
This is significant because it was believed that they were "right-thinking" & need the religion to successfully unify Rome again.
Holy images in the Eastern Orthodox Church.
This is significant because it caused many conflicts between the different Christian sects over having or not having icons.
Prince Vladimir of Kiev
The grand prince of Kiev from 978-1015 CE.
This is significant because he converted to orthodox Christianity, which lead to the incorporation of Russia into the eastern orthodoxy.
State that emerged around the city of Kiev in Russia.
This is significant because it was a culturally diverse region consisting of Vikings, Finnic & Baltic peoples; it was part of the eastern orthodox.
The ruler of the Carolingian Empire in768-814 CE.
This is significant because h staged an imperial revival in the west, was crowned holy emperor by the Pope, & broke the dark ages of Europe.
Holy Roman Empire
Describes the Germanic-based empire founded by Otto 1 in 962 CE.
This is significant because it was the revival of Frankish empires & was a multi-ethnic European state./
Roman Catholic Church
Western European branch of Christianity.
This is significant because the religious power resided in the west within the Pope & bishops, the pope being the authority in matters of doctrine.
Western European branch of Christianity.
This is significant because it was separate from Eastern orthodox with a major break that still isn't healed.
An illiterate peasant women from an English Village.
This is significant because it provided a way to look into the conditions of ordinary rural people despite her life being more independent & rewarding than most.
The holy wars waged by the Western Christendom from 1095 until the end of the middle ages; the "ventures of the Cross."
This is significant because they were declared by the Pope & only the pope; the fight against Islam).
What accounts for the different historical trajectories of the Byzantine and West European expressions of Christendom?
A powerful imperial state in the Byzantine empire resulted in a greater state control than that of the Orthodox Church. When the Eastern Orthodox faith expanded, the byzantine empire was at its height, but the religion was driven from other regions causing it to decline. Overall the Roman Catholic tradition was more expansive as it spread into non-christian & more specifically, islamic areas.
How did the Byzantium and Western Europe interact with each other and with the larger world of the third-wave era?
Both interacted frequently; with the two societies being christian they had many disputes that ultimately led to a division between Byzantium & western europe. They often engaged in trade with one another as well as sharing a common enemy within the Islamic faith. Being of different versions of christianity, the Byzantine was able to conquer some land, but Western Europe was able to take its capital..
In what respects was the civilization of the Latin West distinctive and unique, and in what ways as it broadly comparable to other third-wave civilizations?
It's argued that Latin West shares many features with 3rd wave civilizations in ways such as borrowing & modifying ideas & technology. It's also said that because Western Europe was so distinctive with fragmented political structures, it helped make Latin west distinctive as well.
Looking Back: How does the evolution of the Christian world in the third-wave era compare with that of Tang and Song dynasty China and of the Islamic world?
The Tang & Song dynasties of China & Islamic world was much more powerful & developed than the Western Catholic Christian world. The later had a more fragmented political structure & a less commercialized economy. The orthodox Christian world was more similar to the Tang & Song dynasties & the islamic world in that it had a unified government, & had a commercialized economy.