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Art in Humanities test 3

The supervision by one individual or group over the artistic expression of another individual or group is known as:
a. editorial photography.
b. political arena.
c. censorship.
d. afterimage.
e. collodion process.
The use by artists of the camera obscura (literally dark room) began in:
a. classical Greece.
b. the court of Louis XVI.
c. the Italian Renaissance.
d. the Industrial Revolution.
e. the mid-19th century.
Artists primarily used the camera obscura to:
a. produce naturalistic drawings of the world.
b. develop photographic film in total darkness.
c. spy on their neighbors.
d. protect their unexposed photographic plates from the sun.
e. None of these answers is correct.
Andy Warhol's film Empire:
a. is noted for its epic battle scenes.
b. cast thousands of actors from Italy.
c. is a film about watching time pass.
d. is an ingenious comic dialogue.
e. is the seminal film in the use of models and special effects.
A daguerreotype was an early photographic method created using a:
a. carte de visite.
b. copper plate covered with silver iodine.
c. rayogram.
d. plate of glass.
e. gelatin silver print.
Dada collage artist Hannah Höch used "found" photographs to express:
a. artistic composition.
b. the overwhelming experience of the mechanized city.
c. disgust with a civilization that allowed the slaughter of World War I.
d. All of these.
e. None of these answers is correct.
________ was a photographer who became dissatisfied with pictorialism and promoted the idea that photography should be true to its own nature rather than trying to imitate painting.
a. Henry Peach Robinson
b. Joseph Nicéphore Niépce
c. Alfred Steiglitz
d. Julia Margaret Cameron
e. Thomas Ruff
The Lumière brothers:
a. originated the concept of the auteur in filmmaking.
b. invented the first workable film projector.
c. invented the first recorded film soundtrack.
d. collaborated with Thomas Edison in making short films.
e. None of these answers is correct.
Despite an enthusiastic public acceptance, the success of the daguerreotype was limited by:
a. a strict international patent.
b. the inability to make multiple images from one negative.
c. painters who believed photography was not art.
d. the invention of the motion picture.
e. the cost of silver.
In 1888 the Kodak camera changed the history of photography:
a. by making photography easily accessible to the general public.
b. when George Eastman invented color film.
c. with the invention of the daguerreotype.
d. when the "snapshot" replaced art photography.
e. All these answers are correct.
Man Ray created mysterious images, called _________, that looked like ordinary photographs but did not require a camera to record them.
a. Albumen print
b. chromogenic color print
c. collage photography
d. silver gelatins
e. Rayograms
Nam Jun Pak is best known for:
a. Internet art.
b. Pop art.
c. video art.
d. photojournalism.
e. stop motion photography.
In 1878, Eadweard Muybridge photographed a galloping horse and discovered that:
a. racing horses keep at least one hoof on the ground at all times.
b. galloping horses occasionally have all four hooves off the ground.
c. racing horses resemble hobby-horses with legs stretched forward and backward.
d. off-track betting is an easy way to make a living.
e. light-sensitive materials of that day could not stop action.
Artists like Peter Campus became interested in video because:
a. of its emphasis on narrative content.
b. video signals could be electronically manipulated into interesting images.
c. it was an easier medium to master.
d. it allowed them to develop their animated-film technique.
e. it enabled them to use commercials to finance their art.
The creation of a photographic body of work around an event, place, or culture is known as:
a. solarization.
b. photojournalism.
c. editorial photography.
d. Dada and surrealism.
e. abstraction.
A major difference between the work of a "pure" or "straight" photographer, such as Alfred Stieglitz, and the work of a documentary photographer, such as Dorothea Lange, is:
a. the choice of subject matter.
b. the era in which the photographers worked.
c. the different intentions of each photographer.
d. the invention of the digital camera.
e. the cost of hiring models.
Early examples of art photography often imitated:
a. the brush strokes of Renaissance painters.
b. the Dada photographic collages of Hannah Höch.
c. film stills from grade-B Hollywood movies.
d. Leonardo da Vinci's painting of The Last Supper.
e. the narrative form of painting
The Farm Security Administration of the U.S. Department of Agriculture:
a. hired filmmaker Alfred Hitchcock to make a film about crop dusting.
b. encouraged Future Farmers of America to photograph activities related to dairy farming and everyday rural life.
c. owned controlling shares of the Eastman Kodak Company in 1929.
d. sponsored photography classes in high schools across the country.
e. paid photographers to document the Great Depression.
The Dada movement was formed as a reaction to:
a. pictorialism and photography of the American West.
b. television and video art.
c. the American Civil War.
d. World War I.
e. engineering and machinery.
________ is closely associated with Alfred Stieglitz's assertion that for photography to be an art, it should be true to its own nature.
a. Sand Springs, Nevada
b. Fading Away
c. The Steerage
d. Migrant Mother
e. Substratum 12 III
Julia Margaret Cameron is renowned for her:
a. surrealist photographs.
b. pop-art films.
c. portraits.
d. photojournalism.
e. video art.
The works of Henry Peach Robinson and Andreas Gursky exemplify the photographer's:
a. manipulation and combination of different photographic images in one work.
b. editorial approach to photography.
c. commitment to unmanipulated, "straight" photography.
d. intention to make the viewer become part of the photograph as he or she moves through it.
e. None of these answers is correct.
A(n) _________ is a director whose films are marked by a consistent, individual style and is closely involved in conceiving the idea for the film's story and writing the script.
a. auteur
b. photojournalist
c. videographer
d. Dadaist
e. filmmaker
One of the most celebrated 19th-century artists, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, created posters for the famous dance hall called:
a. the Moulin Rouge.
b. the Unvanquished.
c. La Goulue.
d. Valentin.
e. the Odeon.
Although symbols convey information and embody ideas:
a. those ideas may change radically with time.
b. they have no meaning in themselves.
c. their meaning is invented by cultural use.
d. All of these.
e. None of these answers is correct.
According to the author, graphic design as we know it today has its roots in two developments. They are:
a. the discovery of the Rosetta Stone and the invention of the camera obscura.
b. motion pictures and television.
c. the printing press and the Industrial Revolution.
d. the discovery of the Rosetta Stone and the printing press.
e. the printing press and motion pictures.
A ________ is often the first and key element in creating a complete corporate identity.
a. layout
b. logo
c. composite
d. broadside
e. title
A designer's blueprint for books and magazines and other works in print is called:
a. a lithograph.
b. a logo.
c. a layout.
d. an illustration.
e. a collection.
Graphic design used to be known as ________ art.
a. commercial
b. guild
c. trade
d. conceptual
e. studio
One of the most effective and easiest ways for a company to change its image is:
a. to roll out an expensive advertising campaign.
b. to redesign its logo.
c. to change its name.
d. to change from print to television advertisements.
e. None of these answers is correct.
Designing for the Web adds the potential for ________ reactions to choices made by a visitor to the site.
a. research and technology
b. motion and interactivity
c. surfing and chatting
d. composing and editing
e. None of these answers is correct.
W. Bradford Paley's TextArc program uses an entire text of a book and:
a. creates illustrations based on its characters and narratives.
b. translates it.
c. helps graphic designers to choose the most appropriate typeface for it.
d. displays all of the text on screen, allowing users to explore relationships between its words.
e. bases fractal patterns on its structure.
The ________ first made it possible to devise a notice that could be reproduced in large numbers and distributed widely.
a. camera obscura
b. Rosetta Stone
c. computer
d. printing press
e. feudal system
The ancient symbol from Chinese philosophy that embodies a worldview of mutual interdependence is the ________ symbol.
a. swastika
b. yin-yang
c. sans-serif
d. Shiseido
e. Sanskrit
Which graphic design team developed the familiar set of symbols used today to communicate information across language barriers to international travelers?
a. Holley and Barnett
b. Carson and Cuffaro
c. Vladimir and Georgii Stenberg
d. Cook and Shanosky
e. Spiekermann and Schwartz
An image created to accompany words is called:
a. an icon.
b. a serif.
c. a hieroglyph.
d. a logo.
e. an illustration.
Cassidy Curtis's Graffiti Archaeology is organized by ________ to effectively display its subject.
a. artist and style
b. location and style
c. style and time
d. location and time
e. location and style
The development of ________ in the 19th century introduced the widespread use of color in posters.
a. broadsides
b. color lithography
c. the printing press
d. water color
e. All these answers are correct.
In 1525, with the advent of moveable type, ________ created a unified alphabet that could be mass-produced.
a. Paul Rand
b. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
c. Norman Rockwell
d. Albrecht Dürer
e. David Carson
The American graphic designer who created some of the most memorable logos for IBM, UPS, and ABC is:
a. David Carson.
b. Milton Glaser.
c. Paul Rand.
d. Norman Rockwell.
e. Joan Dobkin.
Graphic design has as its goal the communication of some __________ message to a group of people.
a. specific
b. underlying
c. composite
d. artistic
e. title
The carving method:
a. is more aggressive than modeling.
b. is more direct than casting.
c. is a subtractive process.
d. All of these.
e. None of these answers is correct.
Four basic methods for making a sculpture are:
a. modeling, firing, lashing, and casting.
b. casting, stacking, rolling, and carving.
c. modeling, casting, carving, and assembling.
d. casting, turning, rolling, and modeling.
e. None of these answers is correct.
Andy Goldsworthy uses ________ materials to create sculptures that are ________.
a. artificial; ephemeral
b. natural; permanent
c. artificial; permanent
d. natural; ephemeral
e. imaginary; conceptual
Relief sculpture is:
a. not meant to be viewed in the round.
b. not finished on all sides.
c. often used to decorate architecture.
d. All of these.
e. None of these answers is correct.
Fired clay is sometimes called:
a. pewter.
b. haut relief.
c. rococo.
d. ceramic.
e. terra cotta.
The ________ process dates back to the 3rd millennium B.C.E.
a. gilding
b. subtractive
c. lost-wax
d. bas-relief
e. None of these answers is correct.
Sculptors will often create a "sketch" out of ________ to test ideas before proceeding to their medium of choice.
a. fresco
b. clay
c. bronze
d. gilding
e. All of these answers are correct.
________ is a sculptural process of bringing together individual pieces, segments, or objects to form a sculpture.
a. Contrapposto
b. Cire perdue
c. Collage
d. In-the-round
e. Assemblage
a. did not believe in trying to influence people through images.
b. favored industrial and construction materials.
c. attempted to offer a pure experience by letting the materials they used speak for themselves.
d. All of these are the case.
e. None of these answers is correct.
The artworks of Christo and Jeanne-Claude are intended:
a. to be temporary and transitory.
b. as self-financing works.
c. as works that have as the subject matter the entire process of the project.
d. to bring together a temporary community of people focused on a particular idea.
e. All of these answers are correct.
The sculpture The Scraper is an idealized figure from which civilization?
a. Greek
b. Roman
c. Indian
d. Chinese
e. Mesoamerican
Carved in a broad style of plain surfaces and subtle modeling, Colossal Head is thought to represent ________ rulers.
a. Egyptian
b. Greek
c. Italian
d. Olmec
e. Indian
The Indian sculpture Durga Fighting the Buffalo Demon is an example of:
a. low-relief sculpture.
b. high-relief sculpture.
c. bronze casting.
d. assemblage.
e. collage.
The additive process of sculpture includes:
a. carving.
b. assembling.
c. modeling.
d. both carving and modeling.
e. both assembling and modeling.
The subtractive process involves:
a. carving.
b. assembling.
c. welding.
d. modeling.
e. None of these answers is correct.
In sculpture, what is the most popular modeling material?
a. Gold
b. Clay
c. Marble
d. Leather
e. Wood
Which of the following concepts conceives of a space and everything in it as a work of art?
a. Bas-relief
b. Pop-art
c. Installation art
d. Contrapposto
e. High relief
Casting is known as ________ method.
a. a subtractive
b. an additive
c. an indirect
d. an assemblage
e. a modeling
What is the key difference between the process of lost-wax casting as practiced in ancient times and that same process today?
a. The lost-wax process did not exist in ancient times.
b. The modern method no longer uses wax.
c. There is no difference between the modern and the ancient methods.
d. Today's sculptors do not use the lost-wax method.
e. Today, multiples can be created from the process.
High-relief sculpture is different from low-relief sculpture in that:
a. high-relief projects boldly from the background.
b. high-relief is installed high upon the wall of a building.
c. elements of high-relief may be in the round, unattached to the background.
d. high-relief projects boldly from the background, and elements of high-relief may be in the round, unattached to the background.
e. All these answers are correct.
Contrapposto (meaning counter poise or counterbalance) was developed by ________ as a pose for sculptures of the human figure.
a. ancient Greeks
b. ancient Egyptians
c. 18th-century artists of the Ivory Coast
d. 12th-century Japanese artists
e. artists of the Renaissance
Serpent Mound and Spiral Jetty are known as:
a. installations.
b. sculptures in the round.
c. lost-wax moldings.
d. earthworks.
e. high-relief sculptures.
The sculpture The Dying Slave, employing the contrapposto stance, was created by which artist?
a. Kiki Smith
b. Michelangelo
c. Rodin
d. Martin Puryear
e. Petah Coyne
What separates the art object from the craft object?
a. Art requires more talent than craft.
b. Craft requires more talent than art.
c. Artists use traditional materials.
d. There is no definite line.
e. None of these answers is correct.
The Tree of Jesse is a work from:
a. the golden age of stained glass.
b. the Pueblo people of San Ildefonso.
c. the 15th century.
d. the first wave of feminist art.
e. American ex-slaves of the 19th century.
Although the chemical composition of ________ changes when exposed to extreme heat, ________ doesn't change chemically when its pliability is altered by heat.
a. clay; glass
b. glass; metal
c. metal; clay
d. glass; clay
e. None of these answers is correct.
The work One Shot by Patrick Jouin for Materialise. MGX is a:
a. clay vase.
b. flowered box.
c. glass table.
d. plastic stool.
e. None of these answers is correct.
Islamic cultures have focused a great deal of aesthetic attention on:
a. tapestries.
b. stained glass.
c. carpets and rugs.
d. jade and lacquer.
e. blurring the boundaries between art and craft.
In weaving, the set of fibers that is held taut on a loom or frame is called the:
a. woof.
b. warp.
c. weft.
d. walp.
e. weave.
Which of the following is made from the sap of a tree?
a. Glaze
b. Jade
c. Lacquer
d. Lattene
e. Porcelain
a. happens when metal is melted into a liquid.
b. is when metal is shaped by hammer blows.
c. can only happen if the metal is cold.
d. is a relatively new method of metalworking.
e. None of these answers is correct.
The chair of Hetepheres:
a. is the throne of a famous Roman king.
b. was well preserved by Egypt's dry climate.
c. is the throne of a famous Roman king and was initially well preserved by Egypt's dry climate but now only exists in a picture as the chair's wood rotted.
d. All of these.
e. None of these answers is correct.
By far the fastest method of creating a hollow, rounded clay form is by means of the:
a. woof.
b. coiling system.
c. potter's wheel.
d. loom.
e. None of these.
One artist who displays the legacies of the Arts and Crafts movement employing the techniques of glassblowing is:
a. Toots Zynsky.
b. Gustav Stickley.
c. Josiah McElheny.
d. Patrick Jouin.
e. Betty Woodman.
Wood is not very durable because:
a. cold and heat distort it.
b. water rots it.
c. insects can eat it away.
d. All of these are the case.
e. None of these answers is correct.
The principal ingredient of glass is:
a. resin.
b. lead.
c. kaolin.
d. sand.
e. cloisonné.
The most common way to shape a hollow glass vessel is by:
a. blowing.
b. chasing.
c. staining.
d. forging.
e. lacquering.
The Arts and Crafts movement came about as a reaction to:
a. the Renaissance.
b. the Industrial Revolution.
c. the Dark Ages.
d. the fall of the Roman empire.
e. the Sixties.
Industrial art as discussed by Gustav Stickley in The Craftsman:
a. encouraged cooperation between artists and manufacturers.
b. set about to design objects that could be machine produced.
c. preceded the field of design.
d. All of these.
e. None of these answers is correct.
Wood is a popular craft material because:
a. it is well-suited to weaving.
b. it is abundant and relatively easy to work.
c. it is not suited for mechanized production.
d. it is extremely durable.
e. All of these answers are correct.
The ancient Olmecs of Mesoamerica prized ________ for its translucence, which they associated with rainwater.
a. lacquer
b. glaze
c. jade
d. stained glass
e. silver gilt
An archaeologist asked ________ to reconstruct an entire pot from a broken piece he had found, thus launching her career and the revival of Pueblo pottery.
a. Judy Chicago
b. Faith Ringgold
c. María Martínez
d. Betty Woodman
e. Harriet Powers
The secret of ____________ was discovered and perfected in China, and for hundreds of years potters elsewhere failed to duplicate it.
a. terra cotta
b. lacquer
c. stained glass
d. gold leaf
e. porcelain
The sculptor Olowe of Ise is associated with what culture?
a. Indian
b. Chinese
c. Pueblo
d. Yoruba
e. Egyptian