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this part of the brain contains integration centers for receiving and interpreting sensory information
generating and controlling muscle movements
providing mental functions (such as memory, intellect, creativity, and reasoning)
this part of the brain contains integration centers that coordinate and fine tune voluntary muscle movement.
this part of the brain contains relay and integration centers for incoming sensory information
integrates nervous system and endocrine system
this part of the brain connects parts of the brain to the spinal cord
contains integration centers that regulate visceral activities
this part of brain tissue had 3 membrane layers that surround the brain
it is continuous with the spinal meninges
this layer of dura mater is the outer layer that forms the inner periosteum of the cranium
this layer of dura mater is the inner layer that forms the dural sinuses, collects veins located between 2 layers, and collects cerebrospinal fluid and returns it to the blood
this layer of cranial meninges is made up of arachnoid membrane and arachnoid trabeculae
this part of arachnoid mater extends across the subarachnoid space to the pia mater
this layer of the cranial meninges is the iner layer that holds cerebral blood vessels in place
these are parts of the cranial meninges that are extensions of arachnoid layer into the dural sinuses. It forms an opening for CSF to drain into dural sinuses
these are folds of dura mater that extend deep into the brain.
separate both parts of the brain
anchors and supports the brain in the cranium
contains the dural sinuses that collect CSF and return it to the blood
these are a series of interconnecting chambers in the brain that are connected to the central canal of the spinal cord, which contains a choroid plexus
this ventricle contains 1 and 2
it is located in each cerebral hemisphere
it is the largest ventricle
this is the "trunk" of the brain
it connects all parts of the brain to the spinal cord
it contains integration centers that manage autonomic activities
this part of the brain stem is the most inferior part of the brain
it is a continuation of the spinal cord at the foramen magnum
it contains many integration centers for maintaining homeostasis
this part of brain stem contains relay stations. reflex centers. and integration centers
this function of the medulla oblongata contains all ascending and descending spinal tracts that pass through it.
it relays sensory information and motor information between the spinal cord and brain
opens into the 4th ventricle
this function of medulla oblongata divides into two categories: cardiovascular and respiratory
this reflex center of the medulla oblongata controls the rate and force of the heart contractions
this function of medulla oblongata processed sensory and motor commands that innervate the throat, neck, back, and digestive organs.
this part of brain stem is the anterior buldge and is superior to the medulla
it contains relay and integration stations
this function of the pons relays information between the cerebellum, brain stem, cerebrum, and spinal cord
this function of the pons controls sensory and motor controls of the jaw and face.
this part of the integration centers of the pons modifies the activities of the respiratory center of the medulla
this part of the brain stem is the most superior and it connects to the diencephalon
functions are relay station, reflex center, retircular activating system,
this function of the mid brain controls descending tracts that relay voluntary motor commands from the cerebral cortex to PNS or cerebelllum
this function of the midbrain initiates reflex movements of the eyes, head, neck, and trunk in response to visual and auditory stimuli.
reticular activating system
function of midbrain maintains consciousness and awakening by alerting the cerebral cortex of incoming stimuli
this part of the brain contains integration centers that coordinate and fine tune voluntary muscle movements
functions in adjusting postural muscles and fine tuning movement
adjusting postural muscles
this function of cerebellum receives information from proprioceptors and visual and tactile receptors and the inner ear and coordinates rapid, autonomic adjustments that maintain balance and posture
fine tunes movements
this function of cerebellum refines learned movement patterns by:
monitoring motor commands form the cerebral cortex and brain stem
comparing this motor information with propiocentric info
making adjustment to ensure smooth movements
this is a disturbance in muscle coordination. it is the result of trauma, stroke, or chemical interference to cerebellum. this causes twiches and a lack of coordination
this is the part of the brain that is the main relay and processing center of the brain
it relays and processes all incoming sensory info and integrates nervous and endocrine system
three parts:hypothalamus, thalamus, epithalamus
this is the roof of the diencephalon and third ventricle that contains a choroid plexus.
this houses the pineal gland
part of diencephalon that forms the wall of the diencephalon.
this is the final relay station for sensory impulses arriving along ascending tracts of spinal cords
this is a part of the thalamus that filters incoming sensory info and relays it to appropriate regions of the cerebral cortex for further processing
this part of the diencephalon forms the floor of the diencephalon and regulates cardiovascular and respiratory centers of the pons and medulla
regulates body temperature and controls reflexive responses to emotions as a part of the limbic system
controls concious and unconcious behavior
integrates the nervous and endocrine system
this process of olfactory sensations
it controls reflexes of chewing, licking, and swallowing
this part of the brain is the origin of concious throughts and intellectual functions
it processes sensory info
generates somatic motor commands to skeletal muscles
contains processing centers for receiving and interpreting sensory, generating and controlling muscle movements, providing higher mental functions
this type of matter makes up most of the cerebrum
it is located deep to the cortex
it consists of myelinated axon fibers
composed of three types of axon fibers (association, commissural, and projection)
this type of axon fiber are interconnected areas of a single hemisphere. such as lobes or gyri
this type of axon fiber interconnect the two hemispheres (corpus callosum and anterior commisure)
gray matter that is superficial covering. this is where all high level integration occurs
this type of gray matter in cerebral hemispheres
coordinates the unconcious skeletal muscles.
repeats patterns of movement
controls stabilizing muscles of the trunk
primary sensory cotex
this part of gray matter receives sensory information from the thalamus
it passes info to other association areas before motor responses are generated
this lobe contains the primary sensory cortex
it interprets speech and controls the selection of words to express thought and feelings
contains the visual cortex that intreprets visual sensations from the retina of the eye.
this is a functional group of nueli and tracted
located along borders of the cerebrum and diencephalon
influences endocrine system
establishing emotional states
links concious with unconcious
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