Week 2 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (15)
A system of the body that includes the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sense organs and receives, interprets, and responds to stimuli from inside and outside the body.
The digestive tract and digestive glands regarded as an integrated system responsible for the ingestion, digestion, and absorption of food.
The system, which is made up of special cells, proteins, tissues, and organs that defends people against germs and microorganisms every day.
System that includes the heart and blood vessels and carries nutrients and oxygen to the tissues of the body and removes carbon dioxide and other wastes from them.
The system of organs and structures, such as lungs in mammals and gills in fish, involved in the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between an organism.
A network of organs, lymph nodes, lymph ducts, and lymph vessels that make and move lymph from tissues to the bloodstream.
The collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, reproduction, sleep, and mood, among other things.
The organs and glands in the body that aid in the production of new individuals.
Protects the body from various kinds of damage, such as loss of water or abrasion from outside. The system comprises the skin and its appendages (including hair, scales, feathers, hooves, and nails).
The tendency of the body to seek and maintain a condition of balance or equilibrium within its internal environment, even when faced with external changes.
The process of making food absorbable by dissolving it and breaking it down into simpler chemical compounds that occurs in the living body chiefly through the action of enzymes.
Movement in a circle or circuit, especially the movement of blood through bodily vessels as a result of the heart's pumping action.
The act or process of discharging waste matter from the blood, tissues, or organs. The matter, such as urine, feces, or sweat, that is also excreted.
The discharge of urine from the bladder; urine from the kidneys is passed in spurts every few seconds along the ureters to the bladder, where it collects and later is passed to the outside via the urethra.
A process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide.