40 terms

Extra Ecology

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The Nitrogen Cycle
the movement of nitrogen through an ecosystem
Population
a group of organisms belonging to one species living in a given area
Biome
a large region that has a district combination of plants and animals
Community
al the organisms living together in an area
Organisms
a complete, individual living thing
Parasite
an organism that lives in or on organism and harms it
Herbivore
a customer that is a plant eater
Mutualism
a kind of symbiosis in which both organism benefit
Niche
the role of an organism in an ecosystem
Omnivore
a customer that eats both plants and animals
Parasitism
a symbiosis relationship in which one organism is helped and the other is harmed
Predator
an animal that hurts and kills other animals for food
Prey
the animal that is hunted
Producer
an organism that makes its own food
Scavenger
an organism feeds on dead or dying organisms
Symbiosis
a close, long-term relationship between two organisms
Ecology
the study of the interactions between living things and their environment
Abiotic Factor
the non-living things in an environment
Biosphere
a zone in which living things are found on the earth
Biotic Factor
the living things in an environment
Carnivore
a consumer that eats other animals
Commensation
a kind of symbiosis in which one organism is helped and the other is neither
Consumer
an organism that eats other organisms
Decomposer
an organism that breaks into remains of dead plants and animals into simpler substances
Ecosystem
an area where living an/or non-living things interact, sharing energy and materials
Food Chain
the transfer of energy in the form of food from one organism to another
Food Web
a complex of overlapping of food chains in an ecosystem
Habitat
the specific pace an organism lives
Deciduous Forest
a biome made up mainly of broad-leaved trees that lose their leaves in the fall
Tundra
the northernmost lad biome; a cold, dry region that ahs a limited variety of plants
Grasslands
a biome in which grasses are the main plants and in which rainfall is moderate
Organisms Interacting
organisms interact in an environment, causing biotic and abiotic factors around and in communities
Predaceous Insects
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The Flow Of Energy
energy is the source of producers to consume herbivores, omnivores, and carnivores
Energy:Sun
the sun is the start of every food chain
Fungi
a major classification group; the kingdom that contains living things that are not green and that do not make their own food
Bacteria
a group of kinds of monerans
Protein
Nutrients that provide the body with materials for cell growth and repair, and that control body functions. Organic compounds that form the structure and that control the function of living things.
Cells
the smallest unit in which all of the life processes can be carried on
Earth's Atmosphere
argon, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and the other elements
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