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AP Gov Chapter 9
Terms in this set (90)
Of the following statements, which is true about party machines?
Party machines are characterized by a high degree of leadership control over member activity.
Beginning in the 1960s, the __________ became more bureaucratized, whereas the __________ became more factionalized.
republican party; democratic party
In Europe, the vast majority of candidates
are nominated by party leaders
In 1896, the realignment was driven by issues related to
The text argues that the central problem of the parties today is how to
appeal to moderate voters despite the parties' ideological orientation.
Which of the following statements about the formula by which delegates to the nominating conventions are apportioned is correct?
the democrats and republicans use different formulas
The term superdelegate refers to
elected officials and party leaders who are not required to pledge themselves in advance to a presidential candidate.
Of the following, which group is NOT a political party?
Despite the decline of parties, state and local parties have thrived due to
Support from the national parties, better local fundraising, and recruiting from social movements are all true.
The Populist Party is an example of a(n)
economic protest party
According to Democratic Senator Barbara Mikulski, the training grounds for national political activists today are
The typical convention delegate&φραχ34; Democratic or Republican &φραχ34;can best be characterized as a(n)
issue oriented amateur
Many strong social movements in the United States (for example, the antiwar movement of the late 1960s) never produced a significant third party. One reason is that
dissident elements were able to influence elections through party primaries and national conventions.
Of the following statements, which one best describes voters relationship with political parties.
Voters are less attached to political parties today than they were a hundred years ago.
The first organized political party in American history was
made up of the followers of jefferson
The Libertarian and Socialist parties in the United States are examples of
During the founding period of U.S. history, political parties could best be characterized as
small coalitions based more on geography and class than on common economic interests.
The U.S. federal system ensures that the nation's parties are __________ than their Europeancounterparts.
Elections based on a plurality system discourage new parties from forming because
under this winner-take-all system, no incentive is given for finishing second (or lower).
The classical machine-type party was developed and perfected
in the nineteenth century, before the large-scale Irish and Italian immigrations.
The Bull Moose and La Follette Progressive parties probably encouraged the major parties to pay more attention to
Progressives called for electoral reforms, such as the initiative and the referendum, to give
citizens a direct say in making laws
The ________, a faction of the Republican Party, were opposed to the patronage system and favored nonpartisan elections at the city level.
Which of the following statements regarding the Tammany Hall political machine is incorrect?
its power was enhanced by the hatch act
The __________ manages the day-to-day work of the party.
Over recent decades, research on party identification has found
an increase in independents
The modern Republican Party
emerged as a major party only after the civil war
In most states, candidates for office are chosen by
In his Farewell Address, George Washington took this position on political parties.
he condemned political parties
In an open primary
any voter may vote for any party, but only one party
The purpose of the convention and primary system was to
weaken party leaders.
Americans tend to see Democrats handling this issue better than Republicans.
Current scholars question the realignment theory because
the parties are split on many issues, rather than one issue, and issues change gradually.
The 2014 election produced the following outcome:
Congress was controlled completely by Republicans, and the president was a Democrat. This is the correct answer.
Which statement is incorrect?
Typically, a majority of independents vote for the independent candidate.
According to the text, national conventions have been transformed into
meetings where delegates ratify decisions made by voters.
Which of the following statements about the two-party system is correct?
The United States is one of the few countries with such a system.
National party conventions were developed as a reform of
After a decade of reforms, the Democrats and Republicans have come to represent two ideologically different sets of
issue activists and party elites
The Hatch Act allows federal civil service employees to
make campaign contributions
The first step in electing candidates is
selecting and convincing good candidates to run
The plurality electoral system in the United States means that
every party must be a broad based coalition
Clear realignments, like the one that occurred in 1932, may not occur again because
parties no longer change as dramatically, instead aligning gradually.
The process of attracting key party and interest group figures to a candidate is the
A meeting of party followers at which convention delegates are picked is known as a
The most recent independent candidate for president who was able to get on the ballot in every statewas
A stable, long-term attachment to a political party is a voter's
The oldest political parties in the world are currently found in
The United States
Parties in the United States are relatively weak today mainly because
A and D
American political parties have become weaker as
all of the above
In Europe, candidates for elective office are generally nominated by
Decentralization of political authority in the United States is chiefly promoted by
American political parties, unlike those of most other democratic nations, are closely regulated by
state and federal laws
The test suggest most Americans would ________________ partisanship's becoming a conspicuous feature of other organizations to which they belong
Which of the following is not a reason for stronger political parties in Europe?
The greater age of European parties
George Washington was critical of political parties most notably in his
Why should George Washington, long other Founders of our nation, have been so opposed to political parties?
Because disputes over policies and elections were not easily separated from disputes over governmental legitimacy
The first political party was organized by
the followers of Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson considered his Republican Party to be
a temporary arrangement
Which description of the Jacksonian period of political parties is incorrect?
the number of eligible voters decreased
Up until the Jacksonian period of political parties, presidential candidates were nominated by
members of Congress
In 1831 the ________________ Party held the first American party convention
Leading up the Civil War, Republicans generally won
B and D
The candidacy of William Jennings Bryan strengthened the Republican Party because Bryan
alienated many voters in the populous northeastern states
The Mugwumps were
a faction of the Republican party
All of the following were true of the so-called "progressives" except
they opposed the use of mass media in the conduct of political debate
Scholars recognize at least ___________ periods of critical realignment in American politics
Even if one questions the validity of the concept of a critical election, it is quite clear that
the South is becoming more supportive of the Republican party
Ticket splitting was almost unheard of in the nineteenth century because
ballots were printed by the parties and government ballots featured "party columns"
Split ticket voting became less common around the turn of the century when the Progressives instituted the "________ ballot"
As a result of changes made by the parties in the 1960s and 1970s, the Democrats have become more ____________ and the Republican Party has become more _____________
factionalized ... bureaucratized
In political jargon, the money given to aid political parties is known as "________ money"
The formulas for apportioning delegates to the national party conventions are such that the Democrats give extra delegates to _________ states and the Republicans give extra delegates to states that are ________
large ... loyal
Under convention rules adopted by Democrats in 1980, there must be an equal number of
men and women
Under convention rules adopted by Democrats in 1988, most Democratic ____________ are automatically delegates
A and B
A political machine is a party organization that recruits its member by the use of
Political machines are credited with helping elect
all of the above
At the opposite extreme from the political machine is
the ideological party
The political action arm of the United Auto Workers in Detroit has created a clear example of a
The text suggest ____________ have become "grand masters" at building personal followings
southern politicians in one-party states
More than half of the delegates at the 1984 Democratic national conventions are
drawn from the ranks of the AFL-CIO, the National Education Association and the National Organization for Women
Almost all elections in the United States are based on
the plurality system
The two-party system has persisted in the United States for all of the following reasons except
the Fourteenth Amendment limits access to the ballot
Which of the following statements concerning the Socialist party of Eugene Debs is incorrect?
none of the above
The Free Soil and Know-Nothing Parties are examples of
Which type of minor party probably has the greatest influence on US public policy?
Party activists are not likely to
resemble the average citizen
The disadvantage to parties of the current system of presidential nomination is that it
increases the chances of nominating a candidate unappealing to the average voter or to the party's rank and file
To obtain power within a political party, an individual must usually
move away from the center
The text suggests Democrats have had some difficulty in competing for the presidency, in part, because
of the views their candidates have had on social issues and taxation
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