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Le present

the present

the subjunctive

Used with sentences that express states and conditions such as will, influence, emotion, commands, indefiniteness, and non-existence. "He left before i could talk to you."

Le Passe Simple



MEANING: Express what people used to do/used to be.
ENDINGS: ais, ais, ait, ions, iez, aient.
STEM: Nous form of present
NOTES: Can be used with passé composé (what people did)
IRREGULAR: Être (ét-)
-Quan j'étais petit, je jouais au monopoly.

Le Future

infinitive of verb + present conjugation of avoir., add to infinitive:
ai, as, a, ons, ez, ont

falloir--Il faudrait

Le Conditional

ais, ais, ait ,ions ,iez ,aient,
1. It describes events that are not guaranteed to occur; often they are dependent on certain conditions.
2. English equivalent: would + main verb
3. Used in si clauses to expresses what would happen if a condition were met.
4. For polite requests or desires

Le Conditional du Passe


le plus que parfait

1) used to describe an action that was already completed in the past before another action took place
had/ had not done something
2) Imparfait of Etre/Avoir + PP

le passe compose

the past tense

Le Future Anterieur

what: action in the future that will be completed before another future action. "Will have done"
how: auxiliary verb converted to future tense + past participle of the verb
ex: J'aurai chanté

Le participe Present

used as an adjective, for describing an action happening at the same time as another, describing a consecutive action; finishing one, starting another
nous form of the present+ANT ending: to express simultaneous action
ex. parlant, mangeant, allant, prenant, finissant, étant, ayant, sachant
ex. Il écoute la radio EN LAVANT sa voiture

infinitive passe

Apres + infinitive passe
"after having"
EX: Apres Avoir

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