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42 terms

Concorde Endocrine/ Hormones

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Receptors
Hormones attach to plasma membrane proteins called
Amino Acids
The building blocks of protein hormones are
Cortex
ACTH acts on the adrenal
Andtidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
A hormone from the posterior pituitary that is involved in water balance is
Melatonin
The hormone produced by the pineal gland is
Insulin
The hormone secreted by the pancreatic islets that lowers blood sugar is
Aldosterone
A hormone from the adrenal cortex that helps regulate sodium and potassium balance is
Thymosin
The hormone secreted from the thymus that promotes T-Cell growth is
Glucagon
The hormone secreted by the pancreatic islets that raises blood sugar is
Anterior Pituitary
A portal system links the hypothalamus to the
Cortisol
Made from the middle zone of the adrenal cortex
Type I Diabetes Mellitus
A decrease in insulin production usually causes
Adenohypophysis
The anterior pituitary is called the
Prolactin
Lactogenic hormome is another name for
Calcitonin
A decrease in the blood concentration of calcium is caused by
Thymus gland
The endocrine gland NOT located in the neck is the
TSH
The anterior pituitary secretes
Insulin
Is made of beta cells in the pancreas, has the opposite effect of glucagon, and decreases the blood glucose level
Aldosterone
This hormone is secreted by the adrenal glands and increases the absorption of salt
Oxytocin
The hormone that can be used to induce labor is
Cortisol
Excess stress can inhibit the immune system due to the actions of a hormone called
Fatty acids
Lipid hormones are made from
increase Calcitonin and decrease Parathyroid hormone
Calcitonin and Parathyroid hormone secretions are regulated by negative feedback. Increased calcium levels will
Thyroid gland
The large gland located on either side of the larynx is the
Pancreas
The islets of Langerhans are found in the
Insuline increased, Glucagon decreased
What effect would a large increase in cortisol on glucagon and insulin secretion have?
Calcitonin
Which hormone opposes the effect of parathyroid hormone
Adrenal Cortex
Cortisol is produced by the
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
The following is a gonadotropic hormone
Uterus and Breasts
The target tissues for oxytocin are the
Progesterone
The following is NOT a product of the adrenal gland
Thyroid Gland
The gland that produces calcitonin is the
Aldosterone
An example of mineralocorticoid is
Infundibulum
The stalk connecting the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland is called the
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Diabetes insipidus results from a lack of
Non-Insulin dependent diabetes Mellitus
Mr. R is 54 years old. For the past 2 years he has suffered from high blood sugar, frequent urination and thirst. What is the most likely diagnosis?
Prostaglandins
Local hormones produced by most body tissues are
Atrial Natriuretic Peptide
A hormone that increases sodium loss and lowers blood pressure is
Estrogen and Progesterone
Oral contraceptives contain
Forming
The suffix -poiesis means
-tropin
A word ending for a hormone that controls another gland is
Epinephrine
The best treatment for anaphylaxis is