55 terms

Unfamiliar Text features - Level 1

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Alliteration
Repeated consonant sounds, usually at the beginning of a word or stressed syllable.
Assonance
Repeated vowel sounds in words.
Archaism
A word, spelling or construction that is old fashioned.
Cliche
Overused expression; any phrase not fresh and original.
Emotive Language
Words which have an emotional association, stirring up emotions within an audience.
Euphemism
A mild and indirect word that is used to replace a harsh or embarrassing word.
Figurative Language
Non-literal or imaginative meaning of the word rather than its actual meaning.
Hyperbole
Exaggeration
Imperative
A command or order.
Rhetorical Question
Question asked for effect.
Jargon
Specialised language used in an occupation or interest group
Metaphor
Comparison made directly without 'like' or 'as' between two things that are not usually associated.
Satire
Any text which criticises people or ideas by laughing at their stupidity.
Onomatopoeia
Sound of the word resembles the meaning of the word.
Oxymoron
Two words placed side by side that appear to contradict each other.
Personification
Kind of metaphor in which a non-human object/idea is given human characteristics.
Pun
Play on words, often to create humour.
Repetition
Repeats whole word or phrase or line to increase the effect, part of which is based on the sound of the meaning.
Simile
Comparison between two things using the words 'like' or 'as'.
Slang
Vocabulary used by a group of people that is unique to them.
Slogan
Distinctive and easily remembered phrase, often used in advertisements.
Stereotype
Fixed or over simplified idea of a person.
Tone
Author's attitude towards the subject matter.
Idiom
The use of phrases that cannot be translated literally into another language but which are understood by the native speaker.
Acronym
A new word created by the initial letters of the phrase.
Synonym
A word of similar meaning.
Antithesis
The deliberate juxtaposition of opposite ideas in parallel words, phrases or grammatical structures.
Symbol
An object or word used to represent a wider quality or concept.
Allusion
An indirect reference to event or text that is assumed to be well known to both the writer and reader.
Effect
Answers should be focused less on techniques and more on ...
Irony
The method of expression in which the ordinary meaning of the word is more or less the opposite of what the author intends.
Narrative Voice
First person, second person, third person.
Tense
Past, present, future
Denotation
Literal meaning of a word
Connotation
Implied or suggested meaning of a word.
Syntax
The arrangement of words in sentences, the correct use of parts of speech, often for a deliberate effect - tone/mood, create energy/style or to withhold information until end of sentence.
Apostrophe
A direct address to a person or personified idea
Symbolism
A word or phrase signifying a sign or mark representing something else.
Sibilance
The repetition of the consonant s or z to give a hissing sound.
Rhyme
The repetition of sounds at the end of lines or within a line.
Rhythm
The use of syllables to adjust the speed of which something is read.
Extended metaphor
The comparison between two things is continued beyond the first point of comparison
Patterns
Repetition of words, phrasing, rhymes (poetry), sentence structure
Figurative language
Imagery, simile, metaphor, personification, emotive, euphemism, pun, cliche, symbol, rhetorical question, antithesis, apostrophe, oxymoron, hyperbole
Sound effects
Alliteration, sibilance, assonance, consonance, onomatopoeia, rhythm, rhyme
Abstract noun
Name of something you cannot see, touch or measure
Adjective
Describes a noun
Adverb
Gives information about a verb
Collective noun
Name of a group of objects, people or creatures
Colloquial language
Language that is used in casual conversation
Conjunction
Word that links two or more sentences into a single sentence
Preposition
Tells us the position or place of something in relation to something else
Proper noun
Name of person, place etc.
Pronoun
Used in place of a noun
Slang
Very informal language that is usually vivid, playful and short-lived.