Literary Terms - IB English I Exam

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Terms in this set (46)
AntagonistCharacter that is the source of conflict in a literary work.Climaxturning point or crisis in a literary workComdeyAny amusing and entertaining work using humor or wit as the essential element.Conflictstruggle between two or more opposing forces (person vs. person/ nature/ society/ self/ fate or God)Dictionan author's choice of words; direct speech between characters.Epiphanysudden revelatory experience through which a character suddenly understands the essence of a object, gesture, statement, situation, moment.Expositionintroductory material that introduces setting, characters, necessary facts, and the conflict.Flashbackthe method of returning to an earlier point in time for the purpose of making the present clearer.Foreshadowinghint of what is to come in a literary work.Genretype or category to which a literary work belongsHyperboleextreme exaggeration to add meaningImagerylanguage that appeals to the five sense.Verbal Ironysaying the opposite of what is meantDramatic Ironythe audience is aware of things that characters do not knowSituational Ironythe contrast between what is expected and what happens.Irony of Fatewhen a character's fate is the opposite of what the reader expects. (i.e. Gold medal swimmer drowns)Metaphoran implied comparison between dissimilar objects.Motifa recurring feature of a literary work that is related to the theme.Personificationfigure of speech in which non-human things are given human characteristicsPlotthe sequence of events in a literary workPoint of viewthe vantage point or perspective from which a literary work is toldSettingthe time and place of a literary worksuspensetechnique that keeps the reader guessing what will happen nextsymbolone thing (object, person, place) used to represent something elsethemethe underlying main idea of a literary workTonethe author's attitude toward the subject of a work.Expositionthe essential background information at the beginning of a literary workrising actionthe development of conflict and complicationsclimaxthe turning pointfalling actionresults or effects of the climaxresolutionend of a literary work when loose ends are tied up and questions are answered.Juxtapositionplacement of contrasting ideas/word/phrases next to one another to create a startling, amusing, or illuminating effect.atmospherethe overall effect created by the setting and descriptive details, to evoke an emotional response in the reader.moodthe emotional response experienced by the readersimilea comparison of two dissimilar objects using like or assyntaxthe arrangement/ordering/grouping/placement of words within a sentence.