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biology chapter 4 test
Terms in this set (34)
uses energy from the sunlight to make food
cyanobacteria, maple tree, red algae are
grasshopper, snake, hawk are examples of
____________ is made during photosynthesis
the energy in sunlight is temporarily stored in glucose before it is transferred to __________
photosynthesis can be described as the process that
uses carbon dioxide and oxygen in the presence of sunlight to produce food and oxygen
what is one of the best examples for the relationship between a producer and a consumer?
caterpillar eating a leaf
the products of photosynthesis are the reactants of ________________________
the products of cellular respiration are the reactants of _______________________
formula for photosynthesis
6 CO2 + 6 H2O --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
autotroph make food through the process of?
sequence of light reactions
1. absorption of light
2. splitting of water
3. electron flow through the etc
4. atp is made
where does the calvin cycle occur
in the stroma surrounding the thylakoid membrane of the chloroplast
by the end of light reactions, energy from the sunlight...
has been stored in chemical bonds of NADPH and ATP
both an enzyme the makes ATP a channel protein, and helps hydrogen ions cross the thylakoid membranes
the oxygen we breathe is
a waste product of photosynthesis
starts with RuBP, uses energy in ATP and NADPH from the light reactions, turns twice to produce one molecule of glucose
how does bacteria that live's deep in the ocean's surface make food?
uses 2 atp and makes 2 atp, 2 NADHs, and 2 pyruvates
cellular respiration in the presence of oxygen is....
the correct order of cellular respiration is....
glycolysis --> kreb cycle --> electron transport
Where are the electron transport chains of cellular respiration located?
the inner membrane of the mitochondrion
the final acceptor at the end of cellular respiration is............
chemical formula for cellular respiration
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 --> 6 CO2+ 6 H2O
the chemiosmotic gradient of cellular respiration is an .............
ion gradient made by the pumping of hydrogen ions across the inner membrane using the energy of electrons they are transported down the ETC
in the presence of oxygen, one glucose molecule has the energy to make up............
most living things use ____________ to make _____________ from glucose.
name two things that can perform alcoholic fermentation....
yeast and bacteria
evolved before aerobic, very fast, allows organisms to live in places where there is no oxygen
what is released in alcoholic fermentation?
carbon dioxide (CO2)
Fermentation involves what stage on cellular respiration?
What is produced in lactic acid fermentation?
Why do your muscles feel sore after you exercise?
accumulation of lactic acid
Both lactic acid fermentation and alcoholic fermentation............
recycle NAD+ from NADH, start with pyruvate acid, allows glycolysis to continue
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