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Greek Test #2

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Aristotle was the founder of
a. the Socratic method
b. Hellenistic culture
c. the scientific method
d. politics
c. the scientific method
Why did Alexander the Great refuse the peace settlement from Darius III?
a. his advisers told him that Darius was offering too little
b. he believed the Persians were on the defensive and were likely to fall
c. he had reason to believe that Darius would go back on his word
d. his advisers warned him that Darius was arming himself for war
b. he believed the Persians were on the defensive and were likely to fall
Greek sculpture differed from Hellenistic sculpture in that it
a. depicted the ideal form, whereas Hellenistic sculpture focused on realism
b. depicted realism, whereas Hellenistic sculpture focused on the ideal form
c. was made strictly of marble
d. only used the gods as subjects
a. depicted the ideal form, whereas Hellenistic sculpture focused on realism
The main cause of the Peloponnesian War was
a. the Persian invasion at Marathon
b. Pericles' desire to make Athens the most powerful city-state on the Mediterranean and eliminate Sparta as a threat
c. Socrates' questioning of Athenian democracy
d. Pericles' plan to strengthen Athenian democracy which included the elimination of all other forms of government in Greece
b. Pericles' desire to make Athens the most powerful city-state on the Mediterranean and eliminate Sparta as a threat
Why is it important that Alexander the Great was a student of Aristotle?
a. Aristotle taught Alexander all that was known in Greek world then
b. Aristotle taught Alexander how to fight by Greek methods
c. Aristotle taught Alexander the philosophy of Stoicism
d. Aristotle taught Alexander classical strategies to defeat the Persians
a. Aristotle taught Alexander all that was known in Greek world then
Who wrote the Republic, a book that set forth his vision of a perfectly governed society?
a. Pericles
b. Socrates
c. Plato
d. Sophocles
c. Plato
Which of the following is NOT a reason why Alexandria was the foremost center for the spread of Hellenistic civilization?
a. its strategic location for commerce.
b. its museum and research library.
c. its military conquests
d. its rich mix of cultures
c. its military conquests
Greek tragedies were characterized by
a. slapstick, comical situations
b. selfless heroes who triumphed over evil and lived happily ever after
c. heroes who often suffered from a fatal flaw that led to their downfall.
d. social commentaries on current events in Athens.
c. heroes who often suffered from a fatal flaw that led to their downfall.
How did Pericles justify the use of Delian League funds to beautify Athens?
a. he said Delian League members could travel for free to Athens, which would keep Delian League members happy
b. he said Sparta would surrender if Athens was glorified, which would keep Delian League members safe.
c. he said the beautification of Athens would increase the amount of tourism to Athens, and that he would use profits from that to reimburse the Delian League.
d. he said Athens should look the part of the intimidating city it was, so as to deter invaders from the Mediterranean, which would keep Delian League members safe.
d. he said Athens should look the part of the intimidating city it was, so as to deter invaders from the Mediterranean, which would keep Delian League members safe.
Which of the following was NOT a reason why Macedonia was able to conquer Greece?
a. the Macedonians army was very well-trained.
b. Macedonia received effective assistance form Persia.
c. Greece had been weakened by the Peloponnesian War.
d. Greek city-states failed to unify in time to effectively resist.
b. Macedonia received effective assistance form Persia.
Why was Alexander considered fit to rule at the young age of 23?
a. he had undergone an extensive, well-rounded education that included military training
b. his father's dying wish was for Alexander to rule
c. he had already conquered Anatolia and Egypt by this time
d. he had raised his own army that pledged alliance to him.
a. he had undergone an extensive, well-rounded education that included military training
Which of the following is the most significant achievement or idea of Plato?
a. he founded the Academy, at which Aristotle studied.
b. he thought that the ideal society should be governed by a philosopher-king.
c. he created a classification system for plants, animals, and types of government.
d. he was a student of Socrates.
b. he thought that the ideal society should be governed by a philosopher-king.
Which of the following cultures was not represented in the cultural blend of Hellenistic culture?
a. Indian
b. Chinese
c. Egyptian
d. Persian
b. Chinese
Alexander's ultimate goal was to
a. conquer the world
b. travel to Rome
c. incorporate women into his army
d. abolish Greek traditions and customs
a. conquer the world
Why was Socrates condemned to death for "corrupting the youth of Athens" and "neglecting the city's gods"?
a. he encouraged the youth to revolt and overthrow the current government.
b. he thought the gods played a significant role in society.
c. he encouraged people to question what they believed and his followers included many young people.
d.he never wrote his teachings town.
c. he encouraged people to question what they believed and his followers included many young people.
One of the main features of the Parthenon is
a. the Colossus of Rhodes
b. the Nike, or Winged Victory, at Samothrace
c. the 30-foot statue of Athena
d. Socrates' tomb.
c. the 30-foot statue of Athena
Which of the following did NOT occur in the Hellenistic era?
a. Socrates developed his method of questioning in Athens.
b. Euclid wrote Elements, which is still sued in geometry classes today.
c. Archimedes discovered the law of the lever.
d. Epicureanism developed as a school of philosophy.
a. Socrates developed his method of questioning in Athens.
One major difference between Socrates and Plato, and Aristotle was that:
a. Socrates and Plato believed in democracy; Aristotle didn't.
b. Socrates and Plato were interested in science; Aristotle was more interested in politics.
c. Socrates and Plato believed that one was born with his knowledge; Aristotle believed knowledge came from experience.
d. Socrates and Plato supported the Macedonians in their conquest of Greece; Aristotle supported the Persians
c. Socrates and Plato believed that one was born with his knowledge; Aristotle believed knowledge came from experience.
Which of the following was NOT a reason why the power struggle that followed Alexander's death was inevitable?
a. Darius staged a coup of the throne, and a Persian prince was named king.
b. Alexander had named no clean successor.
c. The empire was too big and lacked any form of organized government.
d. Most empires became weak when a strong leader dies and a power struggle usually ensues.
a. Darius staged a coup of the throne, and a Persian prince was named king.
Pericles' strategy of moving all Athenians inside the city wall at the onset of the Peloponnesian War might have worked if not for
a. the Spartan victory
b. the plaque
c. citizen revolts
d. an inadequate food supply
b. the plaque
An example of Alexander's compassion, or "softer" side, is
a. building the library at Alexandria
b. burning Persepolis to avenge the Persian invasion of Greece
c. threatening Darius and kidnapping his mother, wife, and children
d. allowing his troops to return home after realizing that the Indus River was not the end of the world.
d. allowing his troops to return home after realizing that the Indus River was not the end of the world.
Which of the following was NOT an achievement in astronomy in the Hellenistic era?
a. The sun was proven to be larger than the moon.
b. The planets were thought to revolve around the sun.
c. The earth's circumference was estimated.
d. The sun was proven to be larger than the earth.
a. The sun was proven to be larger than the moon.
Socrates and Plato did not believe in democracy because
a. they thought that the most noble person should rule
b. they thought that the smartest people should rule
c. they thought an oligarchy was the ideal form of government
d. they thought an autocracy was the ideal form of government
b. they thought that the smartest people should rule
Why was communication so easy in the Hellenistic world?
a. the library at Alexandria had copies of ancient texts translated into different languages
b. Alexander ensured that everyone wrote in hieroglyphics
c. everyone shared a common language, koine, which was a dialect of Greek
d. Alexander created a new language he taught to his conquered peoples
c. everyone shared a common language, koine, which was a dialect of Greek
Whose famous quotes include, "All I know is that I know nothing," and, "The unexamined life is not worth living?"
a. Aristotle
b. Socrates
c. Plato
d. Sophocles
b. Socrates
How did the Macedonians view themselves culturally?
a. They viewed themselves as Persians, even thought the Persians viewed them as barbaric.
b. They viewed themselves as Greeks, even though the Greeks viewed them as barbaric.
c. They were lowly peasants who were transformed into a well-trained army.
d. They were polytheistic.
b. They viewed themselves as Greeks, even though the Greeks viewed them as barbaric.
What significant shift in thinking occurred when the Greek philosophers began studying not teaching?
a. From the idea that the gods controlled the universe to the idea that men through their understanding of science did.
b. From the idea that men controlled the universe to the idea that they had no control over universal forces.
c. From the idea that men could not understand science to the idea that they could.
d. From the idea that the sun revolved around the earth to the idea that the earth revolved around the sun.
a. From the idea that the gods controlled the universe to the idea that men through their understanding of science did.
All of the Greek philosophers believed that men can understand the world because they are ____ beings.
a. intelligent
b. selfish
c. well-spoken
d. rational
d. rational
How is Alexander responsible for initiating Hellenistic culture?
a. He forced Greek culture upon those he conquered.
b. He allowed his conquered peoples to keep their own culture.
c. As he conquered he spread Greek culture and adopted aspects of other cultures.
d. He brought back elephants from India.
c. As he conquered he spread Greek culture and adopted aspects of other cultures.
What was the result of the FIRST stage of the Peloponnesian War?
a. Athens was fighting at sea and Sparta on land so the Spartan troops took Athens and the Athenian fleet conquered Sparta
b. Athens and Sparta signed a truce because they had reached a stalemate as Athens was fighting at sea and Sparta was fighting on land.
c. Because of the invasion of Sicily, Athens was weak and Sparta was able to win the war.
d. The death of Pericles led to the Athenian surrender.
b. Athens and Sparta signed a truce because they had reached a stalemate as Athens was fighting at sea and Sparta was fighting on land.