Terms in this set (37)
in 1272, explorer throughout asia, author of a book called travels, brought ideals from the east to the west
a time period between the classical and Renaissance 400 AD - 1300 AD, dark ages with little learning, time periods of crusades (were people went to the east and brought back knowledge)
1400 AD - 1600 AD time period of rebirth of learning and art, greater use of technology discovered in the east
Henry the Navigator
in 1420 he came up with a brain trust, portuguese prince who brought together sailors, map makers, ship builders, and others to make it possible for portuguese explorers to go farther than ever
in his early voyages he worked for the dutch and established new amsterdam as a dutch claim. English explorer who sailed along the NE coast of the USA, this voyage was used by england to claim 13 colonies and canada, a mutiny on his ship left hudson and his son stranded in america, his fate is unknown
aztec conquistador and treated native americans poorly (modern mexico)
Vasco da Gama
sailor for portugal, discovered a water route to asia, sailed below africa to india, won da game of who will get india by water
portuguese sailor working for spain, sailed to the west indies in 1492 with the nina, pinta, and the santa maria, began a period of exploration, began the columbian exchange, let europe know about the americas
sailor for Portugal, first explorer to sail around the southern tip of Africa
Portuguese working for Spain, his crew was the first to circumnavigate to globe, he died in in the process
Juan ponce de leon
the first spanish explorer to land in north america, explored some of florida, he was the first to pounce on the USA, established St. Augustine Florida
German priest who protested against the catholic church and began the protestant reformation and lutheran church
believed that faith rather than good works was the way to get= to heaven- predestination, french religious think, he believe luther did not go far enough
slamic king that established the city of timbuktu as center of art and learning
Viking sailor, the first european to discover north america ( canada )
a french explorer working for france of the st. lawrence sea way
italian working for england, they used their base claim for the 13 colonies
french man working for france who explored the great lakes and canada with fr. marquette
granted spanish rulers (don) the right to tx and enslaves native americans
Treaty of Tordesillas
treaty between spain and portugal, gave uncivilized territory east of the line to portugal and west of the line to spain, line is later moved in the treaty of madrid
french explorer working for france who discover quebec established it as a city, lake champlain is named after him, explored canada
Hernando de Soto
led exploration in florida and went as far as oklahoma, looking for gold resources, the fountain of youth
Bartolome de las Casas
spanish priest who wrote the king asking for a better treatment of native americans, the king, outlawed slavery native americans because of him
the lower class in the spanish society, spanish and native ancestry
west coast of africa, gold and slave trade centered in the region
songhai leader strengthened his empire through education
name given to new york city (manhattan) by the dutch
narrow waterway connecting two larger bodies of water
3 masted ship invented that could go farther from land and carry more cargo
nina, pinta, santa maria
What ships did Columbus use on his first voyage in 1492?
gold, more land, more resources, slaves, crop land, lumber
What were European countries hoping to find in the new world?
water route to asia and he found the west indies
What was Columbus looking for on his 1492 voyage? What did he find?
trading with native american fur and fish
What did the French explorers focus on in the Americas?
gold, slaves, land, plantations
What did the Portuguese explorers focus on in the Americas?
poorly, they made them as slaves, gave them diseases, treated them as less than human, broke up families, french treatment was better than the spanish but smallpox was still a major issues (spanish, portuguese mainly)
How did the explorers treat Native Americans?
wiped out entire tribe, lower population, columbian exchange started, brought new crops and animals to america
What influence did European exploration have on the Native Americans?
aztec empire killed by cortez