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AP European History Chapter 28
Terms in this set (30)
Import Duties Bill
placed a 10 % ad valorem tax on all goods imported from outside the British empire
ad valorem tariff
a tax on imports evaluated as a percentage of the value of the import.
The Road to Wigan Pier
written by George Orwell and published in 1937. The first half of this work documents his sociological investigations of the bleak living conditions amongst the working class in Lancashire and Yorkshire in the industrial north of England before World War II. The second half is a long essay of his middle-class upbringing, and the development of his political conscience, which includes a questioning of some aspects of British attitudes and behaviour regarding socialism. Orwell states very plainly that he himself is very much in favour of socialism but feels it necessary to point out reasons why many people, who would benefit from socialism, and should logically support it, are in practice likely to be strong opponents.
British statesman who as Prime Minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany (1869-1940)
Sir Oswald Mosley
was a British politician, known as the founder of the British Union of Fascists.
British Union of Fascists
formed in 1932, opposed to free trade liberalism and communism. Favoured national solutions by relying on imperial development. Squads beat up their political opponents, and attacked Jews. Struck a chord with poorest working-class people. Was outlawed in 1936.
right wing league founded before WWI during the Dreyfus affair. hostile to parliamentary government, socialism, communism. wanted the glory of France to be set above all.
Croix de feu
French for "Cross of Fire", it was composed of army veterans, they were a French fascist group with 600,000 members. It was banned in 1936
last of scandals that brought havoc to the politics of the Third Republic; symbolized all the immorality and corruption of republican politics.
French leader of the radical socialists; accepted Hitler's terms for peace.
Leon Blum, who began as a literary critic, became active in politics as a result of the Dreyfuss Affair. In 1919, he was elected to the French Chamber of Deputies. In 1925, he became the head of the Socialist Party and, in May 1936, he became France's first socialist Prime Minister since 1870. During his one year in office, he instituted a number of important social reforms, including the 40-hour work week. He used the Popular Front very successfully and it was used the workers and lower middle class. Revolutions by conservatives and inflation ruined the Popular Front and because of this Blum was forced to resign in June 1937.
was the French political alliance that allied the Communists, the Socialists, and the Radicals together.
German Chancellor from 1930 to 1932 and leader of the Catholic Centre Party. He led Germany at the height of the depression. His deflationary policies proved extremely unpopular. He resigned in May 1932. In 1934, he fled to Switzerland and then went to live in the USA, eventually becoming a professor of political science at Harvard University. He died in the USA in 1970.
Franz von Papen
conservative who negotiated with Hindenburg to have Hitler appointed chancellor
General Kurt von Schleicher
Briefly served as Chancellor of Germany after Papen. His coalition of conservatives and trade unionists brought the Hindenburg Circle to ultimately bring Hitler into power.
February, 1933; the Reichstag was set on Fire by a secret order of Joesef Goebbels; called a communist plot;Hitler convinced president Hindenburg to suspend all civil rights for Communists, socialists, liberals, and trade unionists
Gave Hitler absolute dictatorial power for 4 years
Night of the Long Knives
The Blood Purge. It was a purge of Adolf Hitler's potential political rivals in the Sturmabteilung (SA). targeted SA leaders and members who were associated more with socialism than with nationalism, and were viewed as a threat to the continued support for Hitler within the Army.
Goebbels was head of Nazi propaganda and was instrumental in building hatred of the Jews. He attempted to flee Germany at the end of WWII, but committed suicide when captured by Allied forces. Organized Kristallnacht, and the Reichstag fire.
German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews (1900-1945)
Placed severe restrictions of Jews, prohibited from marrying non- Jews, attending schools or universities, holding government jobs, practicing law or medicine or publishing books.
Night of Broken Glass, Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish propertys
commander of the german luftwaffe who spent most of the war addicted to painkillers. he was executed after the nuremburg trials despite formulating a rousing defense after being forced to quit using drugs
Four Year Plan
The Four Year Plan was a series of economic reforms created by the Nazi Party. The Four Year Plan sought to reduce unemployment; increase synthetic fibre production; undertake public works projects under the direction of Fritz Todt; increased automobile production; initiate numerous building and architectural projects; and further develop the Autobahn system. The plan also emphasized building up the nation's military defenses, in direct violation of the terms set by the Allies of World War I at the Treaty of Versailles
Chamber of Corporations
All major areas of productions organized into state controlled bodies called corporations, which were rep. in this that replaced the Italian Chamber of Deputies
Five Year Plans
Plans that Joseph Stalin introduced to industrialize the Soviet Union rapidly, beginning in 1928. They set goals for the output of steel, electricity, machinery, and most other products and were enforced by the police powers of the state. (781)
under soviet command-economy socialism, the planning agency that had the respondibility of gradting the economic plan for the nation
Collectivization of Agriculture
As an extension of the his Five Year Plan (initiated in 1928), Stalin pursued a policy of destroying the culture of the peasant village and replacing it with one organized around huge collective farms. The peasants resisted and were killed, starved, or driven into Siberia in numbers that can only be estimated but which may have been as high as eight million.
Rich peasants in the Russian Empire who owned larger farms and used hired labour. They were their own class.
Leading communist; Talked about peasant relations at the 17th party congress; Talked about removing Stalin as a leader; Shot shortly after
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