IB Music-Elements of Music-TEXTURE
Terms in this set (15)
Determined in song and music by varying components. Songs intersperse monophony, heterophony, polyphony, homophony, elements throughout the melody to create atmosphere and style.
When the parts of a homophonic texture have much the same RHYTHM
Heterophonic Texture / Heterophony
Meaning different voices. Heterophony is a type of texture characterized by the simultaneous variation of a single melodic line.
Homophonic Texture / Homophony
The most common texture in Western music: melody and accompaniment. Multiple voices of which one, the melody, stands out prominently and the others form a background of harmonic accompaniment. One melody that is accompanied by chords. Melody and Accompaniment
Which refers to the interweaving of melodic lines, and polyphony, which refers to the relationship of separate independent voices, are thus sometimes distinguished from harmony.
Polyphonic Texture / Polyphony
Two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody
Monophonic Texture / Monophony
Only one sound/note can be heard at a time; one single melody line present
Music written with many instruments / voices playing or singing different notes or parts.
Music written with a small number of instrument or melodies.
A contrapuntal compositional technique that employs a melody with one or more imitations of the melody played after a given duration (e.g., quarter rest, one measure, etc.)
Repeating canons in which all voices are musically identical - "Row, Row, Row Your Boat" and "Frère Jacques" being widely known examples.
The repetition of a melody in a polyphonic texture shortly after its first appearance in a different voice. The melody may vary through transposition, inversion, or otherwise, but retain its original character.
The restatement of a motif or longer melodic (or harmonic) passage at a higher or lower pitch in the same voice. It is one of the most common and simple methods of elaborating a melody in eighteenth and nineteenth century classical music (Classical period and Romantic music).
2 or more melodies that interweave with each other.
of or in counterpoint, (of a piece of music) with two or more independent melodic lines.
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