Chapter 23 - The Course and Conduct of World War I

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Terms in this set (...)

Selective Service Act
a law passed by Congress in 1917 to create a national draft.
American Expeditionary Force
in World War I, the first U.S. military force to be deployed to France
Infantry
Soldiers who fight on foot
369th Regiment
in World War I, an African American regiment of the U.S. Army
Howitzers
a type of cannon
Machine Gun
weapon that changed military strategy/Well-placed gunners could stop the advance of a larger force/Fired 600 bullets per minute.
Big Guns
Heavy Artillery
Flamethrower
Was used to spray burning fuel into trenches
U-Boats
German submarines
Trench Warfare
a form of warfare in which armies conduct attacks on each other from opposition positions in fortified trenches
No-mans land
land that is unoccupied due to fear and uncertainty
Chemical Weapons
a weapon that contains a poisonous substance
Airplanes
was first used to scout enemy territory but was later used for weaponry
Zeppelins
German air balloons that were first used to scout enemy territory but later used for bombing raids
Battleships
the largest and most heavily armored type of warship
Convoy System
a group of vessels or vehicles that travel together, often under the protection of an armed escort
Meuse-Argonne Offensive
in World War I, the final Allied offensive that brought about the end of the war
General John J. Pershing
Commander of AEF forces. Believed that American soldiers should fight separately from other Allied forces because he did not approve of Allied defensive strategies. He wanted to go on the offensive. He also believed that the U.S. would have a greater role in the peace process if the AEF for as a unit.