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a "harmful dysfunction" in which behavior is judged to be atypical, disturbing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable
the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases cured
A contemporary perspective which assumes the biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders
The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental DIsorders (4th ed), a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders
A psychological disorder that is usually distressing but that allows one to think rationally and function socially. Freud saw the neurotic disorders as wys of dealing with anxiety
A psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with reality, experiencing irrational ideas and distorted perceptions
Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
An anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
An anxiety disorder marked by minutes-long episode of intense dread in which a person experiences terrors and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations
An anxiety disorder marked be a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation
AN anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and or actions (compulsions)
Major Depression Disorder
A mood disorder in which a person, for no apparent reason, experiences two or more weeks of depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities
A mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania
Disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
Dissociative Identity Disorder
A rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct personalities (aka multiple personality disorder)
A groupd of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusion thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
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