Terms in this set (100)
the divine assistance of the Holy Spirit which gave the authors the books of the Bible so the authors could write in human words the salvation message God wanted them to communicate
the doctrine that says the books of Scripture are free from error regarding the truth God wishes to reveal through Scripture
the collection of books the church recognises as the inspired word of God
the critical interpretation and explanation of a biblical text
the interpretation of the bible and Christian doctrine based on the literalist meaning of the Bible's words
the interpretation of the bible that takes into account the various contexts for understanding
must be based on the preaching and teaching of the apostles and their closet companions
it must be accepted and received by all major Christian communities in the Mediterranean world
use of texts
the text must have been used during liturgical celebrations especially the Eucharist
the message must be consistent with other Christian and Hebrew or Jewish writings
What remains the same throughout the diversity of languages of biblical texts?
the truths of divine revelation
What is the purpose of the Magisterium in relation to Scripture?
to uphold the tradition of the church
Which approach to interpreting scripture does the Church support?
What is the proper way to cite a Bible verse?
Book Chapter: Verses
What is the overarching theme of the Old Testament?
to point us to Jesus Christ (Eucharistic Covenant)
What is the difference between the Catholic and Protestant Bibles?
the number of books
Why did the U.S. bishops decide that we should use the New American Bible Revised Edition (NABRE)?
it is an updated translation from the original and oldest available sacred texts
Since Canaan was near the central highways for trade, there were many wars and lots of violence to gain control over this areas. How did this affects the Israelites' image of God?
God was a warrior who protected His people
Why is learning about the culture, geography, and history of Mesopotamian and Egyptian area important?
it gave us the context in which the Old Testament was written which helps us to understand what we are reading
Who are the authors of the Torah?
Yahwist, Elohist, Deuteronomists, and Priestly
Where did Original Sin come from?
How do we get rid of Original Sin?
What is the Catholic Church's view on Creation/Evolution
What divine truths can be found from reading both of the creation stories?
revealed the true nature of God, the holiness of creation and the dignity of man, and humans are called in a unique way to participate in God's creative work
Abraham was promised the land of __________.
Sarah couldn't have children so she told Abraham to go with _________ in order to bear a son who would carry on the tribe.
Which son of Abraham is the one who carried on the tribe in the end?
Where do we get the 12 tribes of Israel?
How did the Israelites come to be enslaved in Egypt?
there were too many of them
How do Catholics celebrate Passover?
by using unleavened bread for Eucharistic sacrifice
Where were the Israelites headed once they safely escaped Egypt?
What does manna foreshadow?
How does God seal the Israelites' identity?
with a covenant
What is the message of the story of Exodus?
reveals God's saving power and that God keeps His promises even when the situation seems hopeless or impossible
What is a state or nation governed directly by God, not by any human, individual, or group?
Major theme of Genesis
we are created in God's image, the world is good and not evil, Abraham is our patriarch
Major theme of Exodus
tells us of God's saving power and how God keeps his promises even when the situation appears to be hopeless and impossible
Major theme of Leviticus
answers the question "How can Israel survive as people believing in one God while living in a foreign culture whose people worship other gods?"
Major theme of Numbers
combination of law codes and historical events
Major theme of Deuteronomy
repeats and explains Sinai Law
Why are the Dead Sea Scrolls so important?
they help translate ancient scriptures
Who was the successor of Moses?
What is the message of the story of the fall of Jericho?
illustrates how the Israelites should depend on God over their own strengths and abilities
What are the roles of the judges?
settle disputes within their own tribe or between, lead the military defense against the outside invaders, challenged Israel to remain faithful
What happened to Judah 135 years after the Northern Kingdom disappeared?
they lost faith and were exiled to Babylon
What is the pattern we see throughout the stories of the 12 judges?
The Cycle of SIn: the Israelites serve the Lord, fall into sin and idolatry, are enslaved, cry out to the Lord, God raises up a judge, Israel is delivered, and then the cycle begins again
How can the Davidic covenant be fulfilled?
Christ fulfills the promise with His present session at the right hand of the Father in heaven and with His return and righteous reign during the millennium
What qualities do the prophets have in common?
they understood that God wanted his people to come back to him with their whole selves; they lived good, moral lives themselves; they obeyed God; they knew God wanted his people to treat all people with justice
What was a major theme of Ezekiel?
he tried to bring hope to all those who were exiled
What is the major message of the book of Isaiah?
the Messiah is going to come and save them
What are the 4 major reasons why we have wisdom books?
Jews were inspired by other cultures to collect their own texts of wise sayings and stories, it was an area of common ground between Jews and foreigners, they were comforting to a minority people living under foreign rule so they are reminded of how to live a good life, parents were concerned about their children remaining rounded in faith after Diaspora
What does the book of Job help us to understand about suffering?
God does not initiate it
Historical meaning and background of Job
- the revelation about the perplexing question of why God permits physical and moral evil
- written 500 - 400 BC
- rejects the simplistic belief that good is rewarded and evil is punished
Historical Meaning and background of Proverbs
- "The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom"
- 5th century BC
- 3 types of wisdom: knowledge of God's created world, the skill of making right choices, and the art of living before God
Historical Meaning and Background of Psalms
- lament, praise/thanksgiving, instruction, and liturgical psalms
- attributed to David, but two-thirds of the book comes from the second temple period (after 520 - 333 BC)
- these writings were often used for worship in the temple, religious festivals, help to engage pray-ers of all generation in the most intimate moments of pain, praise, joy, and sorrow of the ancient Hebrews
Historical Meaning and Background of Ecclesiastes
- the value of human life and the vanity of all things
- 3rd century BC
- loose collection of proverbs, laments, poems, and rhetorical questions
- people cannot find happiness and answers to the mysteries of life without God
Historical Meaning and Background of Song of Songs
- collection of love poems that express and refer to the love between YHWH and Israel
- written after Babylonian exile
- attributed to Solomon
- catholics interpret this book as an allegory describing Christ's love for the Church as well as a celebration of the love between a husband and wife blessed by God
Historical Meaning and Background of Wisdom
- last book of the Old Testament to be written
- middle of first century BC
- author was a Jew living in Alexandria in Egypt
- Eschatology: reward of justice
- Praise of Wisdom: wisdom is personifies as the spirit of wisdom
- God's special providence during Exodus: suffering of the Egyptians were due to their own sins and the evils were a part of God's salvation
Historical Meaning and Background of Sirach
- an updated Proverbs section for the later challenges facing Israel
- 2nd century BC
- focuses on early Church formation of catechumens and in the instruction to the faithful
What does salvation history tell us?
how God's saving hand has been at work in and through human history, the one true God has been present and active in the lives of His People since the beginning of time
Why is it the Magisterium's duty to interpret the Deposit of Faith?
because through the sacrament of Holy Orders they are marked with an indelible mark of the Holy Spirit who guides them in their leadership of the Church and to maintain true divine Revelations as the author and the Holy Spirit intended, not as man intended
The Divine Word of God that is mentioned in the Sacred Scriptures is actually the Second Person of the Trinity who was incarnated into the person of ______________.
What is Divine Revelation really about?
God's love for his most perfect creatures, each of us
What was the message of the prophets?
to warn the people to repent for their sins
How would God judge the Israelites' righteousness according to the prophets?
he would judge them based on how they treated the weakest members of their society
How did the Northern Kingdom fall?
the Assyrians took control
the small portion of people who will be saved because of their faithfulness to God
the most scared of names for God
a messiah would come to protect, unite, and lead Israel to freedom
a message communicated by prophets on behalf of God
the temple and Jerusalem were destroyed in 587 BC and the Israelites were taken as salves
little flakes Israelites collected and boiled or baked into bread-like substance
enables us to do what we want to do and can be taken away from us
allows us to be the people we want to be; to grow towards our potential
The Old Law is preparation for what?
Are 10 commandments are the only laws that can be found in Exodus?
In times of trial the people do not always remain faithful; who remains faithful?
The members of the tribe of Levi were set apart to serve as what?
priestly and yahwist
elohist and yahwist
Genesis is about....
Creation, the Fall, the Covenant with Noah, the Tower of Babel, the covenant with Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, how Israel ended up in Egypt
Exodus is about...
Moses, the plagues, the Passover, the journey to Sinai, the Ten Commandments, the golden calf, the covenant with Moses
Leviticus is about...
laws, the priesthood, procedures to take care of illnesses, the Day of Atonement
Numbers is about...
preparation and departure from Sinai, from Sinai to Moab, encampment on Moab, Moses dies
Deuteronomy is about...
repeats Sinai law, reviews Israel's history, restatement of the Ten Commandments, Joshua takes charge
What is the Greek name for the Torah?
What is the difference between the Assyrian gods in war and YHWH in war?
YWHH fights for Israel and not merely with Israel's warriors, but the Assyrian's gods' fought with the armies of the ancient world
Why did Israel split into two kingdoms?
the people suffered forced labor from King Rehoboam and 10 of the twelve tribes did not want to be enslaved anymore
poetic songs written to honour God
a psalm that conveys mourning and petitioning of God in times of need
a prayer of gratitude for the gift of life
a prayer of acknowledgement that God is God, giving God glory not for what He does, but simply because He is
hymns or songs of prayer to God that express praise, thanksgiving or lament
biblical writing that expresses minimal interest in the history of Israel but focuses on everyday life
counsel and wisdom given by God
accounts of the saving action of God in human history
explanations of how something came into existence