PRAXIS CORE: Reading

Terms in this set (13)

A problem/solution organizational pattern divides information into two main sections: one that describes a problem and one that describes a solution. This pattern is typically used in persuasive writing, where the writer's purpose is to convince the reader to support the suggested solution. First, the writer establishes that a problem exists by identifying different aspects of the problem and offering evidence of the problem. In the solution section, the writer identifies a potential solution or solutions. This structure often uses words such as issue, question, puzzle, propose, and answer.

Sample Passage - Problem/Solution

Kate has a serious issue: four younger siblings who refuse to give her space. "When I have friends over, three of my siblings follow me around, which is embarrassing and annoying," she says. However, tagalong siblings are actually a compliment because their behavior means they think you're cool. Many experts would propose that Kate try positive attention: being encouraging, giving compliments, or even offering to play a game with your siblings can go a long way. Although the sibling relationship is filled with difficulties, don't take it for granted. Sure, siblings can sometimes be a pain and you may get into fights, but the sibling bond is like no other and should be cherished.

In the passage, notice how the writer began by stating a problem (the need for time away from siblings) and then gave an example of the problem (siblings following Kate around). Next, the author offered several solutions to help Kate deal with her problem.
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