Trade Route 500-1500 Study Guide
Terms in this set (38)
"The American Web" This map supports the assertion that
-very little trade
-spread of maize (red arrow)
Which of the following is true of the Silk Roads?
silk is a luxury good that is traded
The exchange of disease along the Silk Road
-Black Death (1346-1350
-bubonic plague and unidentified disease (534)
In contrast to the Silk Roads, the Sea Roads of the Indian Ocean
-sea based trade
-carry goods in bulk and large quantities
-spread of Islam
-tax on passing ship
-used of trading post
-cheap due to ship not a living being
Which of the following luxury goods came to symbolize the Eurasia exchange system?
Buddhism became an important faith in
Central Asia, Southeast Asia, far East Asia
The emergence of the Silk Roads was facilitated by
Han dynasty help facilitated trade (China)
Swahili civilization was most heavily influenced by which of the following cultures?
Bantu, Islam, Greece (Bantu and Islam is the most influence)
Despite other difficulties, long-distance trade in the Americas was facilitated by
Aztec created class called pochteca
In which third-wave civilization did the state largely control trade, not allowing a professional merchant class to emerge
Andean Incas Empire
Mesoamerica and the Andes
-most active and dense networks of communication exchange
-maintained commercial relationship
-very little direct contact with each other
The states that emerged in West Africa between 500-1600 shared which of the following characteristics?
-drew upon wealth from trans-Saharan trade route
The sudden rise of Islam in the seventh century had the greatest control over economic exchange within its border?
brought together in a single political system an immense range of economies and cultural tradition in East Africa
Indian cultural influence in Southeast Asia
-voluntarily borrowing independent societies that found Hindu and Buddhist ideas useful
Compare and contrast the Silk Roads across Central Asia and the Sand Roads across the Sahara.
-both are land-based trade
-both are high-value trad
-silk most desired trade
-disease traveled the trade route
-operated better due to portection
wider range of product
-traveled in small groups
-salt, gold, slaves
-use camel for transportation
-in Sahara Desert
-traveled in big groups
In which regions of the Afro-Eurasian trade network did religions from other areas arrive and have a profound impact between 500-1500?
-Buddhism in Central and East Asia (China)
-Islam in East/West Africa, trans-Saharan Africa
What factors inhibited the development of long-distance exchange networks in the Americas?
-no large animal/wheeled vehicles
-no large ocean-going vehicle
-direction of travel (north to south)
The term _____________ refers to the land-based trade routes that crossed Eurasia linking the Mediterranean basin to China.
Silk was first produced in ____________________.
The ________________ for of Buddhism, which flourished along the Silk Roads, features Buddha as a deity, numerous bodhisattvas, emphasis on compassion, and the possibility of earning merit.
Close to half of the population of Europe did of ______________ between 1346 and 1350. (and China)
The Indian Ocean Sea Roads trade network was made possible by alternating wind currents known as the ______________, which allowed merchants to sail across the Indian ocean easily and predictably.
_______________ was a sought-after trade product from China in the Indian Ocean trade network.
__________________ was a sought-after trade product form Southeast Asia in the Indian Ocean trade network.
The kingdom of ________________ dominated the
Straits of Malacca between 60 and 1025 C.E.
Emerging in the eighth century C.E. the _________________ civilization took shape in a number of independent commercial city states along the East African coast.
The Swahili civilization rapidly became ________________ setting it culturally apart form neighboring societies in the interior of East Africa.
At its peak between 1250 and 1350 C.E., ______________ was powerful kingdom in the African interior whose emergence was in part connect to the growing trade in gold on the East African coast.
North African Arab traders organized camel caravans across the Sahara primarily to trade for ______________.
The introduction of _________________ to North Africa in the early centuries of the Common Era proved to be a major turning point in the trans-Saharan trade, facilitating a substantial increase in trade between the Mediterranean basin and equatorial West Africa.
Before the 1440s, slaves in Western Europe _______________.
Evidence of at least indirect connections between the civilizations of Mesoamerica and Andes before the arrival of Europeans include ____________.
____________ was a state in Southeast Asia.
Location at the confluence of the Mississippi, Illinois, and Missouri rivers, ___________ lay at the center of a widespread trading network in North America.
Which of the following states had the greatest control over economic exchange withing its borders?
___________ was the fulcrum at the center of the Indian Ocean trade network.
_______________ was sought after trade product from East Africa in the Indian Ocean trade network.
Efforts to reclaim waste land in Mesopotamia to produce sugar and dates for export stimulated the export of _______________ from East Africa.
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